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FLASH GENE
Symbol GNAI3 contributors: mct/ - updated : 09-05-2012
HGNC name guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 3
HGNC id 4387
Corresponding disease
ACDS1 auriculo-condylar syndrome 1
Location 1p13.3      Physical location : 110.091.185 - 110.138.452
Synonym name guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(k) subunit alpha
Synonym symbol(s) GIA3, 87U6, G(i) alpha-3, FLJ26559
DNA
TYPE functioning gene
STRUCTURE 42.27 kb     9 Exon(s)
Genomic sequence alignment details
10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
Map pter - D1S1631 - D1S2759 - D1S248 - NGFB - D1S2809 - D1S221 - GNAI3 - GSTM5 - D1S457 - D1S2726 - D1S418 - D1S250 - D1S467 - D1S453 - D1S514 - D1S2696 - cen
Physical map
FLJ35838 1p13.3 hypothetical protein FLJ35838 STXBP3 1p21-p13.3 syntaxin binding protein 3 MGC26989 1p13.3 hypothetical protein MGC26989 LGN MCLC 1p13.2 hypothetical protein MGC26989 KIAA0893 1p13.3 hypothetical protein MGC26989 NDUFB3P1 1 NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 beta subcomplex, 3, 12kDa pseudogene 1 AD-020 1p13.3 protein x 013 LOC391065 1 similar to poly(rC) binding protein 1; heterogenous nuclear ribonucleoprotein X; poly(rC)-binding protein 1; alpha-CP1; nucleic acid binding protein sub 2.3; heterogenous nuclear ribonucleoprotein E1 LOC127003 1p13.3 similar to CG5435-PA KIAA1324 1p13.2 maba1 SARS 1p13 seryl-tRNA synthetase CELSR2 1p21.16p13.3 cadherin, EGF LAG seven-pass G-type receptor 2 (flamingo homolog, Drosophila) DDA3 1p13.2 differential display and activated by p53 LOC343263 1p13.2 similar to Myosin-binding protein H (MyBP-H) (H-protein) SORT1 1p21.3-p13.1 Sortilin 1 PSMA5 1p13 proteasome (prosome, macropain) subunit, alpha type, 5 LOC388660 1 similar to mitsugumin29 LOC284612 1p13.2 hypothetical protein LOC284612 MGC46534 1p13.2 hypothetical protein MGC46534 FLJ39035 1p13.2 hypothetical protein FLJ39035 KIAA1163 1p13.2 amphoterin-induced gene GPR61 1p13.1 G protein-coupled receptor 61 GNAI3 1p13 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting activity polypeptide 3 GNAT2 1p13 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha transducing activity polypeptide 2 AMPD2 1p21-p13 adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 (isoform L) GSTM4 1p13.3 glutathione S-transferase M4 GSTM2 1p13.3 glutathione S-transferase M2 (muscle) GSTM1 1p13.3 glutathione S-transferase M1 GSTM5 1p13.3 glutathione S-transferase M5 GSTM3 1p13.3 glutathione S-transferase M3 (brain) EPS8L3 1p13.2-p11 EPS8-like 3 CSF1 1p21-p13.3 colony stimulating factor 1 (macrophage) AHCYL1 1p12 S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase-like 1 PRO0233 1p13.2 PRO0233 protein ALX3 1p23-p21 aristaless-like homeobox 3 LOC164153 1p13.2 similar to RIKEN cDNA 4930522D07
RNA
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
9 - 4730 - 354 - 2007 16870394
EXPRESSION
Type ubiquitous
   expressed in (based on citations)
organ(s)
SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
Skin/Tegumentskin   highly
Urinarybladder   highly
 kidney   highly
cell lineage
cell lines
fluid/secretion
at STAGE
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
  • GTPase domain made of three regions named switches 1, 2 and 3
  • including the sites for guanine nucleotide binding and effector interaction
  • an helical domain
  • HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • G-alpha family
  • G(i/o/t/z) subfamily
  • CATEGORY regulatory , receptor membrane G
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,endoplasmic reticulum
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytoskeleton,microtubule,centrosome
    basic FUNCTION
  • alpha inhibiting activity
  • involved in hormonal regulation of adenylate cyclase and inhibiting the cyclase in response to beta-adrenergic stimuli
  • requirement in thymic homing and early T cell development
  • CCDC88A/GNAI3 coupling is essential for cell migration during wound healing, macrophage chemotaxis, and tumor cell migration
  • cellular target of receptor mimetic basic secretagogues that activate mast cell independently of IgE
  • PLCB4 and GNAI3 are core signaling molecules of the endothelin-1-distal-less homeobox 5 and 6 (EDN1-DLX5/DLX6) pathway
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • guanine nucleotide binding
  • interaction with RGS14 (selective interactions between GNAI1, GNAI3 and the GoLoco domain of RGS14 influence its dynamic subcellular localization)
  • CCDC88A is a GNAI3 binding partner
  • cellular target of the adenosine A3 receptor (A3R), a G-protein coupled receptor involved in inflammation and the pathophysiology of asthma
  • TNFAIP8L1, TNFAIP8L2 showed a very weak interaction with GNAI3
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    activated by IGFBP5 (endogenous IGFBP5 activates GNAI3 and regulates smooth muscle growth, IGF1 production, and collagen production via the alpha-subunit of GNAI3, independently of IGF1, in normal human intestinal muscle cells)
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s) ACDS1
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional        
    hindered bone marrow cell development and thus reduced production of pre-thymic progenitors
    tumoral somatic mutation      
    in germinal centre B-cell
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS