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FLASH GENE
Symbol RGN contributors: mct - updated : 09-05-2012
HGNC name regucalcin (senescence marker protein-30)
HGNC id 9989
Location Xp11.3      Physical location : 46.937.774 - 46.952.712
Synonym name
  • regucalcin
  • gluconolactonase
  • senescence marker protein 30
  • Synonym symbol(s) SMP30, SEN3, RC, CTD-2522E6.2, GNL
    EC.number 3.1.1.17
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    SPECIAL FEATURE component of a cluster
    STRUCTURE 14.94 kb     7 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
    Physical map
    LOC392455 X similar to beta actin LOC392456 X similar to beta catenin-like 1; nuclear associated protein; chromosome 20 open reading frame 33 LOC389849 X similar to Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, liver (GAPDH) FLJ20344 Xp11.3 hypothetical protein FLJ20344 RNU6P1 Xp11.3 RNA, U6 small nuclear pseudogene 1 LOC392457 X similar to Antigen KI-67 CHST7 Xp11.23 carbohydrate (N-acetylglucosamine 6-O) sulfotransferase 7 SLC9A7 Xp11.4-p11.1 solute carrier family 9 (sodium/hydrogen exchanger), isoform 7 RP2 Xp11.23 retinitis pigmentosa 2 (X-linked recessive) PHF16 Xp11.3-p11.23 PHD finger protein 16 RGN Xp11.3-q11.2 regucalcin (senescence marker protein-30) RNU12 Xp11.3 RNA, U12 small nuclear P17.3 Xp11.3 neuronal protein 17.3 RBM10 Xp11.23 RNA binding motif protein 10 UBE1 Xp11.23 ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1 (A1S9T and BN75 temperature sensitivity complementing) INE1 Xp11.4-p11.3 inactivation escape 1 PCTK1 Xp11.3 PCTAIRE protein kinase 1 USP11 Xp21.2-p11.2 ubiquitin specific protease 11 ZNF157 Xp11.23 zinc finger protein 157 (HZF22) ZNF41 Xp11.23 zinc finger protein 41 LOC389850 X similar to hypothetical protein, MGC:7199 TIMP1 Xp11.23 tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (erythroid potentiating activity, collagenase inhibitor) ARAF1 Xp11.3-p11.23 v-raf murine sarcoma 3611 viral oncogene homolog 1 SYN1 Xp11.23 synapsin I PFC Xp11.3-p11.23 properdin P factor, complement ELK1 Xp11.3-p11.23 ELK1, member of ETS oncogene family UXT Xp11.23-p11.22 ubiquitously-expressed transcript LOC392458 X similar to spermine synthase; spermidine aminopropyltransferase LOC392459 X similar to CpG binding protein (Protein containing PHD finger and CXXC domain 1)
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    7 splicing 1635 33.3 299 - 2000 10677570
  • having different 5' UTR
  • encoding the same protein
  • 8 splicing 2255 33.3 299 - 2000 10677570
  • having different 5' UTR
  • encoding the same protein.
  • EXPRESSION
    Type
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart     Homo sapiens
    Digestiveliver   predominantly Homo sapiens
    Reproductivefemale systembreast    Homo sapiens
     male systemprostate    Homo sapiens
     male systemtestis    Homo sapiens
    Urinarykidney   predominantly
    cells
    SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Digestivehepatocyte
    ReproductiveLeydig cell Homo sapiens
    ReproductiveSertoli cell Homo sapiens
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
    HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to rattus regucalcin
    ortholog to murine Rgn
    homolog to Drosophila regucalcin
    homolog to C.elegans C08F11.5
    intraspecies homolog to senescence marker protein 30
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • SMP-30/CGR1 family
  • CATEGORY regulatory
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    intracellular,nucleus
    basic FUNCTION
  • playing an important role in calcium homeostasis
  • playing a role in aging and in the regulation of the enzymatic activity in the liver
  • has protective effects against age-associated oxidative stress in brain and lungs
  • cytosolic marker protein of aging which plays an important role in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis, ascorbic acid biosynthesis, oxidative stress, and detoxification of chemical warfare nerve agents
  • glucolactonase, which is a key enzyme for l-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) biosynthesis
  • has a suppressive effect on calcium signaling from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in the proliferative cells
  • plays an important role as a regulatory protein in cell signaling system, and it is proposed to play a pivotal role in keep of cell homeostasis and function
  • calcium (Ca(2)(+))-binding protein which regulates intracellular Ca(2)(+) homeostasis by modulating the activity of enzymes regulating Ca(2)(+) concentration and enhancing Ca(2)(+)-pumping activity
  • may have a role in male reproductive function, particularly in the control of spermatogenesis
  • plays a role in Ca(2+) homeostasis by modulating a number of Ca(2+)-dependent proteins
  • also plays a cyto-protective role and its decrease is linked to age-related diseases and cell death
  • having a cardio-protective role with anti-oxidative and anti-aging effects
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    text calcium
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule metal binding,
  • Ca2+
  • protein
  • prevented cardiac hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction by AGT
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    repressed by aging (age-associated down-regulation)
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional     --low  
    may contribute to the worsening of glucose tolerance that occurs in normal aging
    constitutional     --low  
    in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    tumoral     --low  
    in breast and prostate cancer cases and the regulation of its expression by sex steroid hormones suggest that it may be associated with development and progression of these tumors (
    constitutional     --over  
  • cardiac-specific overexpression of RGN inhibited AGT -induced cardiac adverse remodeling
  • Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    SystemTypeDisorderPubmed
    cardiovascularaquired 
    therapeutic target to prevent cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling due to hypertension
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS