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Symbol DUSP6 contributors: mct - updated : 27-10-2011
HGNC name dual specificity phosphatase 6
HGNC id 3072
Location 12q21.33      Physical location : 89.741.838 - 89.746.296
Synonym name
  • mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatase 6
  • MAP kinase phosphatase 3
  • Synonym symbol(s) MKP3, PYST1, VH-6
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 4.46 kb     3 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    regulatory sequence Promoter
    text structure intron 1 of DUSP6 plays a crucial role in transcriptional regulation of DUSP6 in a feedback loop manner responding to MAPK1 via ETS2 in human cells (Furukawa 2008)
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
    Physical map
    NTT73 12q21.3-q21.4 plexin C1 LOC390349 12 similar to Small nuclear ribonucleoprotein Sm D2 (snRNP core protein D2) (Sm-D2) LOC144448 12q21.31 similar to CD63 antigen (AD1 antigen) FLJ12303 12q21 hypothetical protein FLJ12303 LOC283393 12q21.31 hypothetical LOC283393 CART1 12q21.3-q22 cartilage paired-class homeoprotein 1 PAMCI 12q21.32 peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase COOH-terminal interactor NTS 12q21 neurotensin HGNT-IV-H 12q21 UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:a-1,3-D-mannoside beta-1,4-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase IV-homolog HCP30 12q21.33 cytochrome c, somatic pseudogene LOC160420 12q21.33 similar to Makorin 1 FLJ35821 12q21.33 hypothetical protein FLJ35821 DKFZp434N2030 12q21.33 hypothetical protein DKFZp434N2030 KIAA0373 12q21-q22 hypothetical protein DKFZp434N2030 FLJ13615 12q21.33 hypothetical protein FLJ13615 FLJ90492 12q21.33 hypothetical protein FLJ90492 KITLG 12q22 KIT ligand MRPS6P4 12q21 mitochondrial ribosomal protein S6 pseudogene 4 DUSP6 12q21 dual specificity phosphatase 6 TUWD12 12q21.33 TUWD12 CENPC2 12q21.2-q21.33 centromere protein C2, 140kDa GALNT4 12q21.3-q22 UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 4 (GalNAc-T4) ATP2B1 12q21-q23 ATPase, Ca++ transporting, plasma membrane 1 MRPL2P1 12q21.33 ATPase, Ca++ transporting, plasma membrane 1 FLJ25378 12q22 hypothetical protein FLJ25378 MGC26598 12q22 hypothetical protein MGC26598 DSPG3 12q21.3-q22 dermatan sulfate proteoglycan 3 KERA 12q22 keratocan LUM 12q21.3-q22 lumican DCN 12q13.2 decorin BTG1 12q22 B-cell translocation gene 1, anti-proliferative LOC387872 12 hypothetical gene supported by BC044741 LOC390351 12 similar to 60S ribosomal protein L21 LOC283388 12q22 similar to guanine nucleotide exchange factor (1B384) EEA1 12q21.31 early endosome antigen 1, 162kD LOC341444 12q22 similar to alpha NAC/1.9.2. protein LOC387873 12 LOC387873 NUDT4 12q21 nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X)-type motif 4 UBE2N 12q21.33 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2N (UBC13 homolog, yeast) MRPL42 12q22 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L42 SOCS2 12q21.3-q23 suppressor of cytokine signaling 2 LOC144483 12q22 similar to Phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (Phosphoglycerate mutase isozyme B) (PGAM-B) (BPG-dependent PGAM 1) CRADD 12q21.33-q23.1 CASP2 and RIPK1 domain containing adaptor with death domain PLXNC1 12q23.3 plexin C1
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    text two transcripts (Furukawa)
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    3 - 2842 42.1 381 - 1998 9788880
    2 - 2404 26.3 235 - 1998 9788880
    Type ubiquitous
       expressed in (based on citations)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Digestiveintestinesmall intestine  highly
    Lymphoid/Immunespleen   highly
    Respiratoryrespiratory tracttrachea  highly
    Urinarybladder   highly
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    at STAGE
  • two N terminal CH2 domains
  • an extended active site sequence motif conserved in dual specificity phosphatases
  • a rhodanese domain
  • a tyrosine-protein phosphatase domain
    FAMILY dual specificity protein phosphatase subfamily
    CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    basic FUNCTION
  • inactivating map kinases and having a specificity for the ERK family
  • having a function in shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm
  • important regulator of PDGF-induced Erk phosphorylation acting in both a rapid positive feed-forward and a later negative feed-back loop
  • growth suppressor whose inactivation could promote the progression of lung cancer
  • DUSP5 and DUSP6 selectively control ERK pathway activity and proliferation
  • protective role of the MAPK signaling in oligodendrocyte death and DUSP6 is relevant negative regulator of this survival pathway
  • role of DUSP6 in neuronal cell death
  • dephosphorylates phosphotyrosine and phosphothreonine residues on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2; MAPK1/2) to inactivate the ERK1/2 kinase
    signaling signal transduction
    a component
    small molecule
    protein inactivating ERK2
    cell & other
    Other regulated by ETS2 (ETS2 is a key regulatory factor in the transcriptional control of DUSP6 (Dusp6) in responding to activity of MAPK1) (Furukawa (2008)
    PEDRE controls pluripotent state-specific expression of DUSP6 (Zhang, 2009)
    post-transcriptional regulation is a key process in the control of DUSP6 expression
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    tumoral     --low  
    in primary pancreatic cancer
    tumoral     --over  
    exerts a tumor-promoting role in human glioblastomas exacerbating the malignant phenotype
    constitutional     --over  
    in optic nerves from multiple sclerosis patients before the appearance of evident damage in this structure
    Susceptibility to congenital Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Therapy target
    immunologyautoimmunemultiple sclerosis
    targeting Dusp6 may be a useful strategy to prevent oligodendrocyte death in multiple sclerosis and other diseases involving CNS white matter.