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FLASH GENE
Symbol INSL3 contributors: mct/npt - updated : 12-07-2008
HGNC name insulin-like 3 (Leydig cell)
HGNC id 6086
RNA
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
2 - 810 14.5 131 - Anand-Ivell (2008)
EXPRESSION
Type restricted
   expressed in (based on citations)
organ(s)
SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
Reproductivefemale systemovary   
 male systemtestis   
cells
SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
ReproductiveLeydig cell
Reproductivelutein cell
cell lineage
cell lines
fluid/secretion
at STAGE
physiological period embryo
Text leydig cells, trophoblast, membrane, only detectable in amniotic fluid from male fetuses, and highest levels occurred from weeks 15-17 of gestation
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
  • a B-chain, a connecting C-peptide
  • an A-chain
  • mono polymer heteromer , dimer
    HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to murine Insl3
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • insulin-like superfamily
  • relaxin family
  • CATEGORY signaling hormone
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION extracellular
    basic FUNCTION
  • regulating the growth and differentiation of the gubernaculum, thereby mediating intraabdominal testicular descent
  • has an important function in mediating male and female germ cell function
  • acts by binding to its specific G protein-coupled receptor RXFP2 (relaxin family peptide 2) and is involved in testicular descent during fetal development
  • may be having a role in bone metabolism
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS reproduction/sex
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling hormonal
    a component
  • heterodimer of a B and A chain linked by 2 disulfide bonds
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • ligand of RXFP2 (activating the RXFP2 receptor important in testis descent)
  • interaction with RXFP2 (INSL3/RXFP2 primary binding site, including interactions between RXFP2 His-B12 and LGR8 Trp-177, INSL3 Val-B19 and RXFP2 Ile-179, and INSL3 Arg-B20 with RXFP2 Asp-181 and Glu-229) (Scott 2007)
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Susceptibility to testicular maldescent (not major cause)
    Variant & Polymorphism other
    Candidate gene concentration in human amniotic fluid is potentially predictive of fetal sex and pre-eclampsia, and presumably reflects the functioning of the fetal Leydig cell population
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS