Citations for
1GNAS, XLAS
New mutations at the imprinted Gnas cluster show gene dosage effects of Gsα in postnatal growth and implicate XLαs in bone and fat metabolism but not in suckling.
Eaton SA, Williamson CM, Ball ST, Beechey CV, Moir L, Edwards J, Teboul L, Maconochie M, Peters J.
Mol Cell Biol 32(5):1017-29. doi: 10.1128/MCB.06174-11. Epub 2012 Jan 3. 2012
2GNAS, PHP1B
Quantification of the methylation at the GNAS locus identifies subtypes of sporadic pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib.
Maupetit-Méhouas S, Mariot V, Reynès C, Bertrand G, Feillet F, Carel JC, Simon D, Bihan H, Gajdos V, Devouge E, Shenoy S, Agbo-Kpati P, Ronan A, Naud-Saudreau C, Lienhardt A, Silve C, Linglart A.
J Med Genet 48(1):55-63. Epub 2010 Oct 23. 2011
3GNAS, PHP1A, PHP1B
Intragenic GNAS deletion involving exon A/B in pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1A resulting in an apparent loss of exon A/B methylation: potential for misdiagnosis of pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1B.
Fernandez-Rebollo E, García-Cuartero B, Garin I, Largo C, Martínez F, Garcia-Lacalle C, Castaño L, Bastepe M, Pérez de Nanclares G.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95(2):765-71. Epub 2009 Dec 11. 2010
4GNAS, PHP1A, PHP1B
Pseudohypoparathyroidism and GNAS epigenetic defects: clinical evaluation of albright hereditary osteodystrophy and molecular analysis in 40 patients.
Mantovani G, de Sanctis L, Barbieri AM, Elli FM, Bollati V, Vaira V, Labarile P, Bondioni S, Peverelli E, Lania AG, Beck-Peccoz P, Spada A.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95(2):651-8. Epub 2010 Jan 8.PMID: 20061437 2010
5GNAS, POH
Progressive osseous heteroplasia: a model for the imprinting effects of GNAS inactivating mutations in humans.
Lebrun M, Richard N, Abeguilé G, David A, Coëslier Dieux A, Journel H, Lacombe D, Pinto G, Odent S, Salles JP, Taieb A, Gandon-Laloum S, Kottler ML.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95(6):3028-38. Epub 2010 Apr 28.PMID: 20427508 2010
6DEL20Q13, DEL20QD, GNAS
Imprinting on chromosome 20: tissue-specific imprinting and imprinting mutations in the GNAS locus.
Kelsey G.
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 154C(3):377-86. Review.PMID: 20803660 2010
7BWS, GNAS, KCNQ1OT1, PLAGL1
Hypomethylation at multiple maternally methylated imprinted regions including PLAGL1 and GNAS loci in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
Bliek J, Verde G, Callaway J, Maas SM, De Crescenzo A, Sparago A, Cerrato F, Russo S, Ferraiuolo S, Rinaldi MM, Fischetto R, Lalatta F, Giordano L, Ferrari P, Cubellis MV, Larizza L, Temple IK, Mannens MM, Mackay DJ, Riccio A.
Eur J Hum Genet 17(5):611-9. Epub 2008 Dec 17. 2009
8GNAS, PHP1A
Boy with pseudohypoparathyroidism type 1a caused by GNAS gene mutation (deltaN377), Crouzon-like craniosynostosis, and severe trauma-induced bleeding.
Graul-Neumann LM, Bach A, Albani M, Ringe H, Weimann A, Kress W, Hiort O, Bartsch O.
Am J Med Genet A 149A(7):1487-93.PMID: 19530187 2009
9GNAS, PHP1B
A maternal epimutation of GNAS leads to Albright osteodystrophy and parathyroid hormone resistance.
Mariot V, Maupetit-MŽhouas S, Sinding C, Kottler ML, Linglart A.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93(3):661-5. Epub 2008 Jan 8. 2008
10GNAS
Association of the GNAS locus with severe malaria.
Auburn S, Diakite M, Fry AE, Ghansah A, Campino S, Richardson A, Jallow M, Sisay-Joof F, Pinder M, Griffiths MJ, Peshu N, Williams TN, Marsh K, Molyneux ME, Taylor TE, Koram KA, Oduro AR, Rogers WO, Rockett KA, Haldar K, Kwiatkowski DP.
Hum Genet 124(5):499-506. Epub 2008 Oct 26. 2008
11GNAS
Mutation T/C,Ile 131 of the gene encoding the alfa subunit of the human Gs protein and predisposition to vasovagal syncope.
Lelonek M, Pietrucha T, Matyjaszczyk M, Goch JH.
Circ J 72(4):558-62.PMID: 18362425 2008
12GNAS, PHP1A, PHP1B, PHP1C
Epigenetic defects of GNAS in patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism and mild features of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
de Nanclares GP, Fernández-Rebollo E, Santin I, García-Cuartero B, Gaztambide S, Menéndez E, Morales MJ, Pombo M, Bilbao JR, Barros F, Zazo N, Ahrens W, Jüppner H, Hiort O, Castaño L, Bastepe M.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92(6):2370-3. Epub 2007 Apr 3. 2007
13GNAS, PHP1C
A disruptive mutation in exon 3 of the GNAS gene with albright hereditary osteodystrophy, normocalcemic pseudohypoparathyroidism, and selective long transcript variant Gsalpha-L deficiency.
Thiele S, Werner R, Ahrens W, Hoppe U, Marschke C, Staedt P, Hiort O.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92(5):1764-8. Epub 2007 Feb 13. 2007
14GNAS
Mutation analysis of GNAS1 and overlapping transcripts in Silver-Russell syndrome patients.
Eggermann T, Meyer E, Schonherr N, Flick F, Chauvistre H, Mavany M, Wollmann HA.
Mol Genet Metab 90(2):224-6. Epub 2006 Oct 23. No abstract available. 2007
15GNAS, PHP1A
Genetics of pseudohypoparathyroidism types Ia and Ic.
Aldred MA.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 19 Suppl 2:635-40. Review. 2006
16GNAS, STX16, PHP1A, PHP1B
Different mutations within or upstream of the GNAS locus cause distinct forms of pseudohypoparathyroidism.
Juppner H, Bastepe M.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 19 Suppl 2:641-6. Review. 2006
17MCAS, GNAS
Genetics of McCune-Albright syndrome.
de Sanctis L, Delmastro L, Russo MC, Matarazzo P, Lala R, de Sanctis C.
J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 19 Suppl 2:577-82. Review. 2006
18GNAS
Deletion of the NESP55 differentially methylated region causes loss of maternal GNAS imprints and pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib.
Bastepe M, Frohlich LF, Linglart A, Abu-Zahra HS, Tojo K, Ward LM, Juppner H.
Nat Genet 37(1):25-7. Epub 2004 Dec 12. 2005
19GNAS, STX16, PHP1B
Distinct patterns of abnormal GNAS imprinting in familial and sporadic pseudohypoparathyroidism type IB.
Liu J, Nealon JG, Weinstein LS.
Hum Mol Genet 14(1):95-102. Epub 2004 Nov 10. 2005
20GNAS, DEL20Q13
Paternal deletion of the GNAS imprinted locus (including Gnasxl) in two girls presenting with severe pre- and post-natal growth retardation and intractable feeding difficulties.
Genevieve D, Sanlaville D, Faivre L, Kottler ML, Jambou M, Gosset P, Boustani-Samara D, Pinto G, Ozilou C, Abeguile G, Munnich A, Romana S, Raoul O, Cormier-Daire V, Vekemans M.
Eur J Hum Genet 13(9):1033-9. 2005
21GNAS
GNAS locus and pseudohypoparathyroidism.
Bastepe M, Juppner H.
Horm Res 63(2):65-74. Epub 2005 Feb 9. Review. 2005
22GNAS
Deficiency of the G-protein alpha-subunit G(s)alpha in osteoblasts leads to differential effects on trabecular and cortical bone.
Sakamoto A, Chen M, Nakamura T, Xie T, Karsenty G, Weinstein LS.
J Biol Chem 280(22):21369-75. Epub 2005 Mar 28. 2005
23GNAS
Chondrocyte-specific knockout of the G protein G(s)alpha leads to epiphyseal and growth plate abnormalities and ectopic chondrocyte formation.
Sakamoto A, Chen M, Kobayashi T, Kronenberg HM, Weinstein LS.
J Bone Miner Res 20(4):663-71. Epub 2004 Dec 6. 2005
24GNAS
Tissue-specific imprinting of the G protein Gsalpha is associated with tissue-specific differences in histone methylation.
Sakamoto A, Liu J, Greene A, Chen M, Weinstein LS.
Hum Mol Genet 13(8):819-28. Epub 2004 Feb 19. 2004
25GNAS, RASGRF1
The imprinted signaling protein XL alpha s is required for postnatal adaptation to feeding.
Plagge A, Gordon E, Dean W, Boiani R, Cinti S, Peters J, Kelsey G.
Nat Genet 36(8):818-26. Epub 2004 Jul 25. 2004
26GNAS
A cis-acting control region is required exclusively for the tissue-specific imprinting of Gnas.
Williamson CM, Ball ST, Nottingham WT, Skinner JA, Plagge A, Turner MD, Powles N, Hough T, Papworth D, Fraser WD, Maconochie M, Peters J.
Nat Genet 36(8):894-9. Epub 2004 Jul 25. 2004
27GNAS
Biallelic expression of the Gsalpha gene in human bone and adipose tissue.
Mantovani G, Bondioni S, Locatelli M, Pedroni C, Lania AG, Ferrante E, Filopanti M, Beck-Peccoz P, Spada A.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89(12):6316-9. 2004
28GNAS, MCAS
Activating Gsalpha mutations: analysis of 113 patients with signs of McCune-Albright syndrome--a European Collaborative Study.
Lumbroso S, Paris F, Sultan C; European Collaborative Study.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89(5):2107-13. 2004
29GNAS
Analysis of GNAS1 and overlapping transcripts identifies the parental origin of mutations in patients with sporadic Albright hereditary osteodystrophy and reveals a model system in which to observe the effects of splicing mutations on translated and untranslated messenger RNA.
Rickard SJ, Wilson LC.
Am J Hum Genet 72(4):961-74. Epub 2003 Mar 06. 2003
30GNAS, MCAS
Thyroid carcinoma in the McCune-Albright syndrome: contributory role of activating Gs alpha mutations.
Collins MT, Sarlis NJ, Merino MJ, Monroe J, Crawford SE, Krakoff JA, Guthrie LC, Bonat S, Robey PG, Shenker A.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88(9):4413-7. 2003
31GNAS, PHP1B
Autosomal dominant pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib is associated with a heterozygous microdeletion that likely disrupts a putative imprinting control element of GNAS.
Bastepe M, Frohlich LF, Hendy GN, Indridason OS, Josse RG, Koshiyama H, Korkko J, Nakamoto JM, Rosenbloom AL, Slyper AH, Sugimoto T, Tsatsoulis A, Crawford JD, Juppner H.
J Clin Invest 112(8):1255-63. 2003
32GNAS
Epigenetic properties and identification of an imprint mark in the Nesp-Gnasxl domain of the mouse Gnas imprinted locus.
Coombes C, Arnaud P, Gordon E, Dean W, Coar EA, Williamson CM, Feil R, Peters J, Kelsey G.
Mol Cell Biol 23(16):5475-88. 2003
33GNAS, PHP1C, PPHP
Molecular analysis of the GNAS1 gene for the correct diagnosis of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy and pseudohypoparathyroidism.
De Sanctis L, Romagnolo D, Olivero M, Buzi F, Maghnie M, Scire G, Crino A, Baroncelli GI, Salerno M, Di Maio S, Cappa M, Grosso S, Rigon F, Lala R, De Sanctis C, Dianzani I.
Pediatr Res 53(5):749-55. Epub 2003 Mar 5. 2003
34GNAS, POH
Paternally inherited inactivating mutations of the GNAS1 gene in progressive osseous heteroplasia.
Shore EM, Ahn J, Jan de Beur S, Li M, Xu M, Gardner RJ, Zasloff MA, Whyte MP, Levine MA, Kaplan FS.
N Engl J Med 346(2):99-106. 2002
35GNAS, PHP1B
Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib with disturbed imprinting in the GNAS1 cluster and Gsalpha deficiency in platelets.
Freson K, Thys C, Wittevrongel C, Proesmans W, Hoylaerts MF, Vermylen J, Van Geet C.
Hum Mol Genet 11(22):2741-50. 2002
36DEL20Q13, GNAS, PHP1A, PHP1C
Constitutional deletion of chromosome 20q in two patients affected with albright hereditary osteodystrophy.
Aldred MA, Aftimos S, Hall C, Waters KS, Thakker RV, Trembath RC, Brueton L.
Am J Med Genet 113(2):167-72. 2002
37GNAS, MCAS
Fibrous dysplasia is a neoplasm.
Cohen MM Jr.
Am J Med Genet 98(4):290-3. No abstract available. 2001
38GNAS, GNASAS, PHP1B, XLAS
Positional dissociation between the genetic mutation responsible for pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib and the associated methylation defect at exon A/B: evidence for a long-range regulatory element within the imprinted GNAS1 locus.
Bastepe M, Pincus JE, Sugimoto T, Tojo K, Kanatani M, Azuma Y, Kruse K, Rosenbloom AL, Koshiyama H, Juppner H.
Hum Mol Genet 10(12):1231-41. 2001
39BCYRN1, DISC2, GNAS, H19, IPW, KCNQ1OT1, NTT, SNORD22, SCA8, TSIX, UBE3A, XIST, MKRN3AS
The non-coding RNAs as riboregulators.
Erdmann VA, Barciszewska MZ, Szymanski M, Hochberg A, de Groot N, Barciszewski J.
Nucleic Acids Res 29(1):189-93. 2001
40GNAS
Two mutations of the Gsalpha gene in two Japanese patients with sporadic pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia.
Ishikawa Y, Tajima T, Nakae J, Nagashima T, Satoh K, Okuhara K, Fujieda K.
J Hum Genet 46(7):426-30. 2001
41GNAS, MCAS
Mutations of the GNAS1 gene, stromal cell dysfunction, and osteomalacic changes in non-McCune-Albright fibrous dysplasia of bone.
Bianco P, Riminucci M, Majolagbe A, Kuznetsov SA, Collins MT, Mankani MH, Corsi A, Bone HG, Wientroub S, Spiegel AM, Fisher LW, Robey PG.
J Bone Miner Res 15(1):120-8. 2000
42GNAS, GNASAS
An imprinted antisense transcript at the human GNAS1 locus.
Hayward BE, Bonthron DT.
Hum Mol Genet 9(5):835-41. 2000
43GNAS, MCAS
Demonstration of McCune-Albright mutations in the liver of children with high gammaGT progressive cholestasis.
Silva ES, Lumbroso S, Medina M, Gillerot Y, Sultan C, Sokal EM.
J Hepatol 32(1):154-8. 2000
44CTSZ, GNAS, TH1L
Characterization of TH1 and CTSZ, two non-imprinted genes downstream of GNAS1 in chromosome 20q13.
Bonthron DT, Hayward BE, Moran V, Strain L.
Hum Genet 107(2):165-75. 2000
45GNAS, GNASAS, XLAS
Tissue-specific expression of antisense and sense transcripts at the imprinted gnas locus
Li T, Vu TH, Zeng ZL, Nguyen BT, Hayward BE, Bonthron DT, Hu JF, Hoffman AR.
Genomics 69(3):295-304. 2000
46GNAS
Neuroendocrine secretory protein 55 (NESP55): alternative splicing onto transcripts of the GNAS gene and posttranslational processing of a maternally expressed protein.
Weiss U, Ischia R, Eder S, Lovisetti-Scamihorn P, Bauer R, Fischer-Colbrie R.
Neuroendocrinology 71(3):177-86. 2000
47GNAS
Deletion polymorphism in the coding region of the human NESP55 alternative transcript of GNAS1.
Kim SJ, Gonen D, Hanna GL, Leventhal BL, Cook EH Jr.
Mol Cell Probes 14(3):191-4. 2000
48GNAS, PAD
Activating and inactivating mutations in the human GNAS1 gene.
Aldred MA, Trembath RC.
Hum Mutat 16(3):183-9. Review. 2000
49GNAS
A mutation in the heterotrimeric stimulatory guanine nucleotide binding protein alpha-subunit with impaired receptor-mediated activation because of elevated GTPase activity.
Warner DR, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96(8):4268-72. 1999
50GNAS, PHP1A
Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia from maternal but not paternal transmission of a Gsalpha gene mutation.
Nakamoto JM, et al.
Am J Med Genet 77 : 261-267. 1998
51GNAS
XL alpha s is a paternally derived protein product of the human GNAS1 gene. (abstr)
Hayward B, et al.
Eur J Hum Genet 6 : C305. 1998
52GNAS
The human GNAS1 gene is imprinted and encodes distinct paternally and biallelically expressed G proteins.
Hayward BE, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95 : 10038-10043. 1998
53PHP1B, GNAS
The gene responsible for pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib is paternally imprinted and maps in four unrelated kindreds to chromosome 20q13.3.
JŸppner H, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95 : 11798-11803. 1998
54GNAS, PHP1A
GNAS1 mutational analysis in pseudohypoparathyroidism.
Ahmed SF, et al.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 49(4):525-31. 1998
55GNAS
Mutations at the domain interface of GSalpha impair receptor-mediated activation by altering receptor and guanine nucleotide binding.
Grishina G, et al.
J Biol Chem 273(24):15053-60. 1998
56GNAS, PHP1A
A novel mutation in the switch 3 region of Gsalpha in a patient with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy impairs GDP binding and receptor activation.
Warner DR, et al.
J Biol Chem 273(37):23976-83. 1998
57GNAS, GNASAS, XLAS
Bidirectional imprinting of a single gene: GNAS1 encodes maternally, paternally, and biallelically derived proteins.
Hayward BE, Moran V, Strain L, Bonthron DT.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95(26):15475-80. 1998
58GNAS, PHP1A
Normal erythrocyte membrane Gsalpha bioactivity in two unrelated patients with acrodysostosis.
Wilson LC, et al.
J Med Genet 34 : 133-136. 1997
59GNAS
A novel mutation adjacent to the switch III domain of G(S alpha) in a patient with pseudohypoparathyroidism.
Warner DR, Gejman PV, Collins RM, Weinstein LS.
Mol Endocrinol 11(11):1718-27. 1997
60GNAS
Molecular cloning and characterization of NESP55, a novel chromogranin-like precursor of a peptide with 5-HT1B receptor antagonist activity.
Ischia R, Lovisetti-Scamihorn P, Hogue-Angeletti R, Wolkersdorfer M, Winkler H, Fischer-Colbrie R.
J Biol Chem 272(17):11657-62. 1997
61PHP1A, GNAS
Pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia : two new heterozygous frameshift mutations in exons 5 and 10 of the Gsalpha gene.
Shapira H, et al.
Hum Genet 97 : 73-75. 1996
62CNC1, GNAS, TSG2B
Sporadic cardiac myxomas and tumors from patients with Carney complex are not associated with activating mutations of the Gsalpha gene.
DeMarco L, et al.
Hum Genet 98 : 185-188. 1996
63GNAS, PHP1A
Pseudohypoparathyroidism, a novel mutation in the betagamma-contact region of G s alpha impairs receptor stimulation.
Farfel Z, et al.
J Biol Chem 271 : 19653-19655. 1996
64PHP1A, GNAS
Paternal and maternal transmission of pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia in a family with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy : no evidence of genomic imprinting.
Schuster V, et al.
J Med Genet 31 : 84-86. 1994
65GNAS
Polymorphism of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G-protein of adenylyl cyclase (GNAS1).
Waltman C, et al.
Hum Genet 93 : 477-478. 1994
66GNAS, PHP1A
Characterization of a De novo 43-bp deletion of the GSalpha gene (GNAS1) in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy.
Oude Luttikhuis MEM, et al.
Genomics 21 : 455-457. 1994
67PHP1A, GNAS
Parental origin of Gsalpha gene mutations in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
Wilson LC, et al.
J Med Genet 31 : 835-839. 1994
68PHP1A, GNAS
A novel Gsalpha mutant in a patient with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy uncouples cell surface receptors from adenylyl cyclase.
Schwindinger WF, et al.
J Biol Chem 269 : 25387-25391. 1994
69GNAS
Rapid GDP release from Gsalpha in patients with gain and loss of endocrine function.
Iiri T, et al.
Nature 371 : 164-168. 1994
70GNAS, XLAS
XL alpha s is a new type of G protein.
Kehlenbach RH, Matthey J, Huttner WB.
Nature 372(6508):804-9. 1994
71MCAS, GNAS
Severe endocrine and nonendocrine manifestations of the McCune-Albright syndrome associated with activating mutations of stimulatory G protein Gs.
Shenker A, et al.
J Pediatr 123 : 509-518. 1993
72GNAS, PHP1A, PHP1C
Imprinting in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
Davies SJ, et al.
J Med Genet 30 : 101-103. 1993
73PHP1A, GNAS
Identification of a mutation in the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein of adenylyl cyclase in McCune-Albright syndrome.
Schwindinger WF, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 89 : 5152-5156. 1992
74PHP1A, GNAS
Prevalence of three mutations in the Gs-alpha gene among 24 families with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia.
Lin CK, et al.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 189 : 343-349. 1992
75GNAS
Dinucleotide repeat polymorphism in Gs-alpha subunit gene (GNAS1) on chromosome 20.
Granqvist M, et al.
Nucleic Acids Res 19 : 4569. 1991
76GNAS
Mapping of the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein of adenylyl cyclase (GNAS1) to 20q13.2-q13.3 in human by in situ hybridization.
Levine MA, et al.
Genomics 11 : 478-479. 1991
77GNAS, GNB1
Chromosomal assignment of two GTP binding protein subunit genes : the alpha subunit of adenylyl cyclase (GNAS) and the beta 1 polypeptide (GNB).
Modi WS, et al.
(HGM11) Cytogenet Cell Genet 58 : 1860. 1991
78GNAS
Activating mutations of the stimulatory G protein in the McCune-Albright syndrome.
Weinstein LS, et al.
N Engl J Med 325 : 1688-1695. 1991
79GNAS
Genetic mapping of the Gs-alpha subunit gene (GNAS1) to the distal long arm of chromosome 20 using a polymorphism detected by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
Gejman PV, et al.
Genomics 9 : 782-783. 1991
80PHP1A, GNAS
G protein Gs-alpha (GNAS1), the probable candidate gene for Albright hereditary osteodystrophy, is assigned to human chromosome 20q12-q13.2.
Rao VVNG, et al.
Genomics 10 : 257-261. 1991
81PHP1A, GNAS
Mutation in the gene encoding the stimulatory G protein of adenylate cyclase in Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy.
Patten JL, et al.
N Engl J Med 322 : 1412-1419. 1990
82PHP1A, GNAS
Mutations of the Gs alpha-subunit gene in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy detected by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis.
Weinstein LS, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 87 : 8287-8290. 1990
83GNAS
Splice variants of the alpha subunit of the G protein Gs activate both adenylyl cyclase and calcium channels.
Mattera R, Graziano MP, Yatani A, Zhou Z, Graf R, Codina J, Birnbaumer L, Gilman AG, Brown AM.
Science 243(4892):804-7. 1989
84GNAI1, GNAI2, GNAI2L, GNAI3, GNAZ, GNAS, GNAT1, GNAT2, GNB1, GNB2
Chromosomal localization of genes encoding guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunits in mouse and human.
Blatt C, Eversole-Cire P, Cohn VH, Zollman S, Fournier RE, Mohandas LT, Nesbitt M, Lugo T, Jones DT, Reed RR, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 85 : 7642-7646. 1988
85PHP1A, GNAS
Genetic deficiency of the a subunit of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs as the molecular basis for Albright hereditary osteodystrophy.
Levine MA, et al.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 85 : 617-621. 1988
86GNAS, PHP1C
Genetic deficiency of the alpha subunit of the guanine nucleotide-binding protein Gs as the molecular basis for Albright hereditary osteodystrophy.
Levine MA, Ahn TG, Klupt SF, Kaufman KD, Smallwood PM, Bourne HR, Sullivan KA, Van Dop C.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 85(2):617-21. 1988
87GNAT1, GNAT2, GNAI2, GNAI2L, GNAI3, GNAS, GNB1
Mapping of genes encoding the subunits of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G-proteins) in humans.
Sparkes RS, et al.
(HGM9) Cytogenet Cell Genet 46 : 696. 1987