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FLASH GENE
Symbol SLC6A4 contributors: mct - updated : 18-05-2016
HGNC name solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter, serotonin), member 4
HGNC id 11050
Location 17q11.2      Physical location : 28.523.379 - 28.562.954
Synonym name
  • 5HT transporter
  • 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter
  • Na+/Cl- dependent serotonin transporter
  • 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter
  • Synonym symbol(s) 5HTT, SERT, 5-HTT, OCD1, HTT, 5-HTTLPR
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 39.58 kb     15 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked Y status confirmed
    Map cen - D17S841 - D17S2093 - D17S2120 - SLC6A4 - D17S1294 - D17S2103 - D17S1972 - D17S798 - qter
    Text see NF1
    Physical map
    ERAL1 17q11.2 Era G-protein-like 1 (E. coli) FLOT2 17q11.2-q12 flotillin 2 MGC23280 17q11.2 hypothetical protein MGC23280 PHF12 17q11.2 PHD finger protein 12 SEZ6 17q11.2 seizure related 6 homolog (mouse) LOC342659 17q11.2 similar to NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase 15 kDa subunit (Complex I-15 kDa) (CI-15 kDa) PIPOX 17q11.2 pipecolic acid oxidase TIAF1 17q11.1-q11.2 TGFB1-induced anti-apoptotic factor 1 LOC390783 17 hypothetical gene supported by U02680; NM_002822 CRYBA1 17q11.2-q12 crystallin, beta A1 182-FIP 17q11.2 82-kD FMRP Interacting Protein KIAA1361 17q11.2 serine/threonine protein kinase TAO1 homolog LOC116236 17q11.2 hypothetical protein LOC116236 LOC90313 17q11.2 hypothetical protein BC004507 GIT1 17p11.2 G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interactor 1 FLJ25555 17q11.2 hypothetical protein FLJ25555 FLJ14871 17q11.2 hypothetical protein FLJ14871 SSH2 17q11.2 slingshot 2 FLJ46247 17q11.2 FLJ46247 protein DKFZP434K1421 17q11.2 hypothetical protein DKFZp434K1421 SLC6A4 17q11.2 solute carrier family 6 (neurotransmitter transporter, serotonin), member 4 BLMH 17q11.2 bleomycin hydrolase LOC388364 17 similar to AWKS9372 CPD 17q11.2 carboxypeptidase D GOSR1 17q11.2 golgi SNAP receptor complex member 1 LOC390784 17 similar to Arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, 12S-type (12-LOX) (Platelet-type lipoxygenase 12) LOC388365 17 LOC388365 DKFZP434O047 17q11.2 DKFZP434O047 protein LOC284089 17q11.2 similar to keratin 17 LOC388366 17 LOC388366 DKFZp667M2411 17q11.2 hypothetical protein DKFZp667M2411 LOC388367 17 similar to Joined to JAZF1 CRLF3 17q11.2 cytokine receptor-like factor 3 FLJ12735 17q11.2 cytokine receptor-like factor 3 FLJ22729  hypothetical protein FLJ22729 CENTA2 17q11.2 centaurin, alpha 2 RNF135 17q11.2 ring finger protein 135 NF1 17q11.2 neurofibromin 1 (neurofibromatosis, von Recklinghausen disease, Watson disease) OMG 17q11.2 oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein EVI2B 17q11.2 ecotropic viral integration site 2B EVI2A 17q11.2 ecotropic viral integration site 2A AK3P1 17q11.2 adenylate kinase 3 pseudogene 1 RAB11-FIP4  rab11-family interacting protein 4
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    15 - 4535 - 630 - 1995 7789954
    EXPRESSION
    Type restricted
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart    
    Visualeyeretina    Homo sapiens
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Epithelialbarrier liningretinal pigment epithelium (RPE)   Homo sapiens
    Nervouscentral   
    Nervousperipherous   
    cells
    SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Blood/Hematopoieticplatelet
    Visualganglion cell Homo sapiens
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    physiological period pregnancy
    Text placenta
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • 12 transmembrane segments (12TM)
  • three Cys AAs on the second external loop, and disulfide bond formation between two AAs, Cys-200 and Cys-209, is required for SLC6A4 folding, surface expression, and transport activity
  • EL4 (Extracellular Loop 4) has an important role in controlling the conformational equilibrium of SLC6A4
  • C terminus harbors the binding site for the coat protein complex II (COPII) cargo-binding protein SEC24 , having a role in the folding of SLC6A4 and C-terminal domain recruits both the catalytic and regulatory subunits of the Ca(2+)-activated protein phosphatase calcineurin (PPP3CA)
  • secondary structure alpha-helices
    conjugated GlycoP
    HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to murine Slc6a4
    homolog to C.elegans T23G5.5
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • solute carrier family 6, 5-hydroxytryptamine, serotonin
  • sodium:neurotransmitter symporter (SNF) family
  • CATEGORY transport carrier
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    basic FUNCTION
  • terminating the action of serotonin by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals
  • exquisitely sensitive to the cholesterol content of membranes
  • potentially playing a role in heart valve development and disease
  • membrane-bound transporter of serotonin that influences extracellular levels of this neurotransmitter
  • involved in the modulation of activity-dependent mechanisms during the wiring of sensory circuits
  • plays a crucial role in synaptic neurotransmission by retrieving released serotonin
  • SLC6A3, SLC6A2, SLC6A4 facilitate the homeostatic balance of neurotransmitters in the synaptic cleft and thus, play a fundamental role in regulating neuronal activity
  • regulates the extracellular concentration of serotonin, influencing neurotransmission
  • is responsible for the termination of synaptic serotonergic signaling
  • might disrupt efferocytosis and contribute to the pathogenesis of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases
  • plays a critical role in regulating serotonin signaling by mediating reuptake of serotonin from the extracellular space
  • terminates serotonergic neurotransmission by performing reuptake of released serotonin, and is the primary target for antidepressants
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS active transport
    text sodium/chlorine Na+/Cl- coupled transporter of serotonin
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling neurotransmission
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule metal binding,
  • Na+
  • Cl-
  • protein
  • interactions with ITGB3 playing a role in autism etiology and in serotonin level determination
  • interacting with ROBO1, ROBO2
  • important interactive relationship between SLC6A4 and the PDGFRB in the production of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation triggered by PDGF that may be important in pulmonary hypertension (PH)
  • interaction between SLC6A4 and the Secretory Carrier Membrane Protein 2 (SCAMP2)
  • interacting with SEC24C (can only exit the ER by recruiting SEC24C)
  • involvement of ERP44 in maturation of SLC6A4
  • ERP44 together with ERO1A plays an important role in disulfide formation of SLC6A4, which may be a prerequisite step for the assembly of SLC6A4 molecules in oligomeric form
  • utilizes ERP44 as well as its partner ERO1A, an oxidoreductase, in the disulfide bond formation process
  • novel role of HDAC2 as a regulator of SLC6A4 gene expression in intestinal epithelial cells
  • IL10 modulates SLC6A4 activity and expression in intestinal epithelial cells, depending on its extracellular conditions
  • impairment of SLC6A4 may affect BDNF expression throughout postnatal development
  • ITGB3 is a modulator of serotonergic systems via genetic interactions with the 5-HT transporter gene (SLC6A4)
  • physical association of SLC6A4 with PPP3CA is promoted by PPP3CA activity
  • TGFB1 increased the association of SLC6A4 with the soluble STX3 and promoted exocytosis of SLC6A4
  • is epigenetically downregulated by HDAC1 in several types of cancer
  • SLC6A4 associates with SLC1A5, co-expressed with SLC6A4 in serotonergic neurons and involved in the transport of small neutral amino acids across the plasma membrane
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    Other psychomotor stimutants such as amphetamines,cocaine or antidepressant
    is constitutively internalized and that the internalized transporter is sorted mainly to degradation
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Susceptibility
  • to sudden infant death
  • a possible association to bipolar affective disorder and personality traits in a primarily female population sample
  • susceptibility gene for high cholesterol and heart disease
  • susceptibility to major depression, to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, to autism and rigid-compulsive behaviors
  • to obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD)
  • Variant & Polymorphism other
  • some evidence of allelic variation modulating anxiety-related traits
  • promoter polymorphism increasing the risk of sudden infant death (L/L)
  • L(A) allele was twofold overtransmitted to the patients with OCD
  • a 44-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism in the upstream regulatory region (5-HTTLPR) and a VNTR polymorphism in the second intron (Stin2) increasing the risk of SIDS
  • Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    SystemTypeDisorderPubmed
    psychiatryautism 
    major therapeutic target in autism
    psychiatrybipolar disorder 
    common targets of drugs extensively used for the treatment of multiple different pathologies, ranging from anorexia, depression, anxiety and other psychiatric as well as neurological disorders to gastrointestinal and uro-genital dysfunctions
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS
  • Sert(-/-) rats show decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (Bdnf) expression, as well as reduced levels of transcription factor regulating the neurotrophin transcription