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FLASH GENE
Symbol SLC27A2 contributors: mct - updated : 30-05-2012
HGNC name solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 2
HGNC id 10996
Location 15q21.2      Physical location : 50.474.392 - 50.528.588
Synonym name
  • very long chain Acyl-CoA synthetase
  • fatty-acid-Coenzyme A ligase, very long-chain 1
  • Synonym symbol(s) VLCS, VLACS, FACVL1, FATP2, HsT17226, VLACS, hFACVL1
    EC.number 6.2.1.3
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 54.20 kb     10 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
    Physical map
    SEMA6D 15q15.2 sema domain, transmembrane domain (TM), and cytoplasmic domain, (semaphorin) 6D LOC283652 MYEF2 15q15.1 myelin expression factor 2 SLC12A1 15q15-q21 solute carrier family 12 (sodium/potassium/chloride transporters), member 1 DUT 15q21.1 dUTP pyrophosphatase FBN1 15q21.1 fibrillin 1 (Marfan syndrome) LOC388119 15 similar to Oxr1 protein KIAA0912 15q15.3 KIAA0912 protein CRI1 15q21.1-q21.2 CREBBP/EP300 inhibitory protein 1 LOC390582 15 similar to keratin 8; cytokeratin 8; keratin, type II cytoskeletal 8 KIAA0256 15q15.3 KIAA0256 gene product TRIP15 15q21.2 KIAA0256 gene product LOC390583 15 similar to Protein C6orf66 (HSPC125) (My013 protein) GALK2 15q21.1 galactokinase 2 FLJ32800 15q15.3 hypothetical protein FLJ32800 LOC390584 15 similar to putative intramembrane cleaving protease; presenilin-like protein 2; intramembrane protease 3 FGF7 15q15-q21.1 fibroblast growth factor 7 (keratinocyte growth factor) MDS009 15q15.3 x 009 protein LOC388120 15 hypothetical gene supported by BC013357; NM_016120 ATP8B4 15q15.3 ATPase, Class I, type 8B, member 4 SLC27A2 15q21.2 solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 2 HDC 15q15-q21 histidine decarboxylase GABPB2 15q15.2 GA binding protein transcription factor, beta subunit 2, 47kDa FLJ10038 15q15.3 hypothetical protein FLJ10038 USP8 6p21.3 ubiquitin specific protease 8 TRPM7 15q21 transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 7 SPPL2A 15q15.3 putative intramembrane cleaving protease AP4E1 15q15.2 adaptor-related protein complex 4, epsilon 1 subunit LOC388121 15 similar to TNF-induced protein CYP19A1 15q21.1 cytochrome P450, family 19, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 FLJ11181 15q15.3 hypothetical protein FLJ11181 CRG-L2 15q15.3 likely ortholog of mouse cancer related gene - liver 2 RC3 15q15.3 rabconnectin-3 SCG3 15q21 secretogranin III MGC35274 15q21.1 hypothetical protein MGC35274 TMOD2 15q21.1-q21.2 tropomodulin 2 (neuronal) TMOD3 15q21.1-q21.2 tropomodulin 3 (ubiquitous) LOC123169 15q21.1 senescence downregulated leo1-like MAPK6 15q21 mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 BCL2L10 15q21 BCL2-like 10 (apoptosis facilitator) GNB5 15q21 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), beta 5 MYO5C 15q21 myosin VC MYO5A 15q21.1 myosin VA (heavy polypeptide 12, myoxin) EEF1B1 15q15.1-q15.3 eukaryotic translation elongation factor 1 beta 1
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    10 - 2408 - 620 - 1996 8939997
    9 - 2249 - 567 - 1996 8939997
    EXPRESSION
    Type
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Digestiveliver   highly
    Endocrinepancreas   highly
    Nervousbrain   lowly
    Urinarykidney   highly
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Connectiveadipose   
    Epithelialsecretoryglandularendocrine 
    cells
    SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
     adipocyte
    Digestiveparenchymal
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    physiological period pregnancy
    Text placenta
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • a peroxisome targeting signal 1(-LKL) at C terminus
  • an AMP-binding domain
  • HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to C.elegans d1009.1
    ortholog to rattus Vlcs
    homolog to murine Fatp
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • long-chain fatty-acid coenzyme A ligase family
  • ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family
  • FATP family of fatty acid uptake mediators
  • CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,mitochondria
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,lumen
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,membrane
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,peroxisome
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,endoplasmic reticulum
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic,microsome
    basic FUNCTION
  • playing a key role in lipid biosynthesis and fatty acid degradation
  • multifunctional protein that shows subcellular localization-dependent activity and is a major contributor to peroxisomal very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase activity and hepatic fatty acid uptake
  • functions in fatty acid transport and activation and has a preference in mediating the channeling of exogenous n-3 fatty acids into phosphatidylinositol
  • even though hypoxia regulates the expression of SLC27A2 and SLC27A4 in trophoblasts
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism lipid/lipoprotein
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    cAMP
    protein
    cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    SystemTypeDisorderPubmed
    digestiveliver 
    potential target for treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or steatohepatitis (NASH)
    digestiveliver 
    potential novel target for the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS