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FLASH GENE
Symbol RAP1A contributors: mct - updated : 24-08-2016
HGNC name RAP1A, member of RAS oncogene family
HGNC id 9855
Location 1p13.2      Physical location : 112.162.404 - 112.256.100
Synonym name
  • Kirsten transformed cell revertant activity
  • RAP1A, morphologic reversion of ras-transformed cells
  • Ras-related protein Krev-1
  • Ras-related protein Rap-1A
  • GTP-binding protein smg-p21A
  • Synonym symbol(s) KREV-1, KREV1, SMGP21, C21KG, G-22K, RAP1
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 22.15 kb     8 Exon(s)
    Genomic sequence alignment details
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    Physical map
    LOC388664 1 similar to prochymosin KCNA10 1p13.1 potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, member 10 KCNA2 1p13 potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, member 2 KCNA3 1p13.3 potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, member 3 LOC137829 1p13.2 similar to Nuclear receptor binding factor-2 CD53 1p13 CD53 antigen RIF1 1p13.2 receptor-interacting factor 1 MGC54289 1p13.2 hypothetical protein MGC54289 CEPT1 1p12 choline/ethanolaminephosphotransferase FLJ22457 1p13.2 hypothetical protein FLJ22457 CHI3L2 1p13.3 chitinase 3-like 2 LOC149620 1p13.2 similar to CHIA protein CHIA 1p21.3-p13.1 similar to CHIA protein LOC128344 1p13.2 hypothetical protein LOC128344 LOC388665 1 similar to DKFZP564K247 protein LOC391066 1 similar to pepsinogen B OVGP1 1p13 oviductal glycoprotein 1, 120kDa (mucin 9, oviductin) MEP50 1p13.2 MEP50 protein ATP5F1 1p12 ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F0 complex, subunit b, isoform 1 MGC24133 1p13.2 hypothetical protein MGC24133 AD026 1p13.1 AD026 protein ADORA3 1p13.3 adenosine A3 receptor RAP1A 1p13.3 RAP1A, member of RAS oncogene family LOC55924 1pter-q31.3 hypothetical protein LOC55924 DDX20 1p21.1 DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 20 KCND3 1p13.2 potassium voltage-gated channel, Shal-related subfamily, member 3 AF357532 1q12 thioredoxin 1 pseudogene 5 DKFZp547A023 1p13.2 hypothetical protein DKFZp547A023
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    9 - 5122 21 184 - 2009 19763083
    8 - 5028 - 184 - 2009 19763083
    8 - 5077 - 184 - -
    EXPRESSION
    Type ubiquitous
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Endocrinethyroid   highly
    Lymphoid/Immunelymph node   highly
    Respiratorylung   highly
     respiratory tractlarynx  highly
    Urinarykidney   highly
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • a domain spanning amino acids 85-89 with a pivotal role in perinuclear localization
  • HOMOLOGY
    interspecies ortholog to murine Rap1a
    ortholog to rattus rap-1a
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • small GTPase superfamily
  • Ras family
  • CATEGORY signaling
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane,junction
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,membrane
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,endosome
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    text
  • attached to the membrane by a lipid anchor
  • localized in the perinuclear region including the Golgi apparatus and endosomes
  • basic FUNCTION
  • inducing morphological reversion of a cell line transformed by a ras oncogene
  • increases KRIT1 targeting to endothelial cell-cell junctions where it suppresses stress fibers and stabilizes junctional integrity
  • role for RAP1A and its exchange factor RAPGEF1 in mediating Fc gammaR-dependent phagocytosis
  • responsible of the direct regulation of adhesion processes during mitosis
  • inhibits non-homologous end joining at telomeres and identify RAP1A as a mediator of genome stability
  • inhibits non-homologous end joining at mammalian telomeres and identify RAP1A as a mediator of genome stability
  • several critical steps of RAP1A, which are RASSF5-dependent and -independent, are implicated in lymphocyte trafficking
  • activated RAP1A promotes glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, islet cell hypertrophy, and islet cell proliferation, suggesting that it is an important regulator of beta-cell function
  • has a critical role in regulating cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion
  • involved in the generation of peripheral Treg and this effect is mediated via ITGB2-dependent and ITGB2-independent mechanisms
  • member of small GTPase family involved in control of cell-cell interactions
  • plays a key role in T-cell receptor (TCR)-signaling
  • TLN1 and RAP1A are critical for bone resorptive function, and their selective inhibition in mature osteoclasts retards pathological bone loss
  • endothelial barrier resistance is determined by the combined antagonistic actions of RAP1A and RAP2A
  • promotes integrin- and cadherin-mediated signaling and is a critical regulator of NO production and endothelial function
  • likely requirement for RAP1A in maintenance of lens epithelial phenotype and morphogenesis
  • regulates osteoblast differentiation through modulating the ERK/MAPK14 signaling
  • implicated in the control of multiple stem cell, leukocyte and vascular cell functions, and in maintaining epithelial and endothelial cell junction integrity
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
  • critical roles for a PI3K3CG-RAP1A-dependent pathway in integrin activation during tumor inflammation
  • a component
  • component of a complex (RAP1A-RADIL) required downstream of receptor stimulation for the activation of integrins and the positive modulation of cell-matrix adhesiveness
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • binding partners of MLLT4
  • RASGRP3 activates RAP1A, which in some cases can antagonize the function of RAS (RAP1A can antagonize the function of RAS, and DGKI regulates RASGRP3 with a predominant effect on RAP1A activity)
  • binds to KRIT1, a guanosine triphosphatase that maintains the integrity of endothelial junctions (RAP1A activity regulated the junctional localization of KRIT1 and its physical association with junction proteins)
  • interacting with RAPGEF3 (interaction of RAPGEF3 with RAN is necessary for the efficient activation of RAP1A by RAPGEF3)
  • binding of MLLT4 to RAP1A regulated the activity of RAP1A in a positive-feedback manner
  • interacting with HRAS and acting dominantly over C-terminal lipid modification of HRAS (essential and sufficient for the plasma membrane localization)
  • interaction of RASSF1 with RAP1A is shown to influence the effect of RASSF1 on microtubule behavior
  • SDC1 restrains migration in lung epithelium by activating RAP1A to slow focal adhesion disassembly
  • RAP1A signaling enables plasticity and fear learning by regulating CACNA1D at cortico-amygdala synapses
  • induces integrin activation via an inside-out signaling pathway mediated by APBB1IP
  • MEX3B regulate the cortical level of activated RAP1A, a small G protein controlling phagocytosis and cell-cell interaction, through the activation and transport of RAP1GAP
  • ZSCAN4 functions as a mediator of telomere length through its direct interaction with RAP1A, possibly regulating shelterin complex-controlled telomere elongation in both telomerase positive and alternative lengthening of telomere pathways
  • RAPGEF2 acts on the multipolar-bipolar transition during neuronal migration via a RAP1A/N-cadherin pathway
  • two effectors of RAP1A regulate integrins, RASSF5 and APBB1IP
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS