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FLASH GENE
Symbol PPY contributors: - updated : 16-02-2006
HGNC name pancreatic polypeptide
HGNC id 9327
Location 17q21.2      Physical location : 42.018.172 - 42.019.833
Genatlas name pancreatic polypeptide hormone precursor
Synonym symbol(s) PNP
DNA
TYPE anonymous DNA segment
STRUCTURE 1.00 kb     4 Exon(s)
10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
MAPPING cloned Y linked   status confirmed
Physical map
ARHN 17q21 ras homolog gene family, member N BRCA1 17q21 breast cancer 1, early onset RPL21P4 17q21 ribosomal protein L21 pseudogene 4 NBR2 17q21 neighbor of BRCA1 gene 2 LOC387620 17 membrane component, chromosome 17, surface marker 2 MGC20235 17q21.31 hypothetical protein MGC20235 LOC388388 17 LOC388388 RNU2P2 17q21.31 RNA, U2 small nuclear pseudogene 2 ARF4L 17q12-q21 ADP-ribosylation factor 4-like LOC284064 17q21.31 similar to 60S ribosomal protein L29 (Cell surface heparin binding protein HIP) DHX8 17q21.31 DEAH (Asp-Glu-Ala-His) box polypeptide 8 ETV4 17q21 ets variant gene 4 (E1A enhancer binding protein, E1AF) MEOX1 17q21 mesenchyme homeo box 1 LOC390797 17 similar to WHSC1L1 protein isoform long; Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome candidate 1-like 1 protein SOST 17q12-q21 sclerosteosis DUSP3 17q21 dual specificity phosphatase 3 (vaccinia virus phosphatase VH1-related) LOC284067 17q21.31 hypothetical LOC284067 MPP3 17q12-q21 membrane protein, palmitoylated 3 (MAGUK p55 subfamily member 3) TREM4 17q21.31 triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 4 MPP2 17q12-q21 membrane protein, palmitoylated 2 (MAGUK p55 subfamily member 2) APR-2 17q21.31 apoptosis related protein LOC390798 17 similar to wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 9B precursor; wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 15 PPY 17q21.2 pancreatic polypeptide PYY 17q21.1 peptide YY NAGS 17q21.31 peptide YY MGC4251 17q21.31 hypothetical protein MGC4251 FLJ30656 17q21.31 hypothetical protein FLJ30656 G6PC3 17q21.31 glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit 3 HDAC5 17q21 histone deacetylase 5 MGC3130 17q21.31 hypothetical protein MGC3130 ASB16 17q21.31 ankyrin repeat and SOCS box-containing 16 DKFZp762C2414 17q21.31 hypothetical protein DKFZp762C2414 MGC3123 17q21.31 hypothetical protein MGC3123 UBTF 17q21.3 upstream binding transcription factor, RNA polymerase I LOC390799 17 similar to SHC (Src homology 2 domain containing) transforming protein 1; SHC (Src homology 2 domain-containing) transforming protein 1 SLC4A1 17q21-q22 solute carrier family 4, anion exchanger, member 1 (erythrocyte membrane protein band 3, Diego blood group) RPIP8 17p13.2 solute carrier family 4, anion exchanger, member 1 (erythrocyte membrane protein band 3, Diego blood group) CGI-69 17q12 CGI-69 protein GRN 17q21.3 granulin MGC34829 17q21.31 Similar to hypothetical gene supported by AL050367; AK022946 LOC390800 17 similar to ribosomal protein L7-like 1 ITGA2B 17q21.32 integrin, alpha 2b (platelet glycoprotein IIb of IIb/IIIa complex, antigen CD41B) KIAA0553 17q21.31 KIAA0553 protein FZD2 17q21.1 frizzled homolog 2 (Drosophila) FLJ35848 17q21.31 hypothetical protein FLJ35848 FLJ31795 17q21.31 hypothetical protein FLJ31795
RNA
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
EXPRESSION
Type restricted
constitutive of
   expressed in (based on citations)
organ(s)
SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
Endocrinepancreasislet of Langerhans   
tissue
SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
Epithelialsecretoryglandularendocrine 
cells
SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
EndocrinePP
cell lineage
cell lines
fluid/secretion
at STAGE
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
  • a signal peptide
  • a pancreatic polypeptide sequence separated from the pancreatic icosapeptide sequence by a cleavage site, followed by a C terminal tyrosinamide
  • isoforms Precursor 95 aa polypeptide precursor cleaved into two peptide products; the active hormone of 36 aa and an icosapeptide of unknown function
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY NPY family
    CATEGORY signaling hormone
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION extracellular
    basic FUNCTION
  • regulator of pancreatic and gastrointestinal functions
  • may be important in the regulation of food intake
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
    cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS