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FLASH GENE
Symbol PCSK5 contributors: mct/npt - updated : 25-05-2018
HGNC name proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 5
HGNC id 8747
Location 9q21.13      Physical location : 78.505.559 - 78.977.254
Synonym name
  • paired basic amino-acid residue cleaving enzyme 5
  • protease PC6
  • subtilisin/kexin-like protease PC5
  • Synonym symbol(s) NEC5, PC5, PC6, SPC6
    EC.number 3.4.21.-
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 302.71 kb     21 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    motif repetitive sequence   other
    text structure 2 silent SNP
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    Physical map
    TMEM2 9q13-q21 transmembrane protein 2 CGI-67 MGC61599 LOC392349 9 similar to Heat shock 27 kDa protein (HSP 27) (Stress-responsive protein 27) (SRP27) (Estrogen-regulated 24 kDa protein) (28 kDa heat shock protein) C9orf57 9q21.2 chromosome 9 open reading frame 57 LOC392350 9 similar to Transcription factor BTF3 (RNA polymerase B transcription factor 3) GDA 9q21.11-21.33 guanine deaminase ZNF216 9q21.11 zinc finger protein 216 TMC1 9q13-q21 transmembrane, cochlear expressed, 1 ALDH1A1 9q21.1 aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family, member A1 ANXA1 9q13-q21.2 annexin A1 LOC392351 9 similar to tMDC I LOC138971 9q21.31 similar to dipeptidylpeptidase III isoform 1; dipeptidylpeptidase III LOC138972 9q21.31 similar to Centaurin gamma 2 RORB 9q22 RAR-related orphan receptor B TRPM6 9q21.13 transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 6 C9orf40 9q21.31 chromosome 9 open reading frame 40 C9orf41 9q21.31 chromosome 9 open reading frame 41 FLJ20559 9q21.31 hypothetical protein FLJ20559 OSTF1 12q24.1-q24.2 osteoclast stimulating factor 1 LOC138932 9q21.31 similar to Hkr1p PCSK5 9q21.3 proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 5 FLJ11149 9q21.31 riboflavin kinase LOC158473 9q21.31 similar to protein 40kD GCNT1 9q13-q21 glucosaminyl (N-acetyl) transferase 1, core 2 (beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase) LOC392352 9 similar to peptidyl-Pro cis trans isomerase KIAA0367 9q13-q22.1 similar to peptidyl-Pro cis trans isomerase C9orf65 9q21.32 chromosome 9 open reading frame 65 CHAC 9q21 chorea acanthocytosis GNA14 9q21.2 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha 14 GNAQ 9q21 guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), q polypeptide LOC138916 9q21.32 synaptogyrin 2 pseudogene LOC158452 9q21.32 similar to argininosuccinate synthetase LOC392353 9 similar to CDC28 protein kinase 2; CKS1(S. cerevisiae Cdc28/Cdc2 kinase subunit) homolog-2 FLJ12643 PSAT1 9q21.2 phosphoserine aminotransferase 1 LOC340460 9q21.32 similar to Keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18 (Cytokeratin 18) (K18) (CK 18) LOC286224 9q21.32 similar to chromosome 7 open reading frame 17 protein; 16.7kD protein TLE4 9q21.31-q21.32 transducin-like enhancer of split 4 (E(sp1) homolog, Drosophila) LOC347119 9q21.32 similar to chromosome 15 open reading frame 2
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    text with multiple alternative forms (c) (Seidah), two alternatively spliced transcripts
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    21 - 3369 - 913 - 2018 29126984
    37 - 9538 - 1860 - 2018 29126984
    EXPRESSION
    Type
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Nervousnervecranial nerveoptic nerve   Homo sapiens
    Visualeyeretina    Homo sapiens
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Lymphoid    
    cells
    SystemCellPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Lymphoid/Immunelymphocyte
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • a preprodomain
  • a subtilisin-like catalytic, serine protease domain Ca2+ dependent, conserved P an (hemo B) domain
  • a furin cysteine-rich region
  • a transmembrane anchor and a cytoplasmic domain
  • a C-terminal cysteine-rich domain (CRD), functioning as a cell surface anchor favoring the processing of their cognate surface-anchored substrates, including endothelial lipase
  • isoforms Precursor autocatalytically activated
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin-like (SPC) subtilase family
  • CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION extracellular
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,lumen
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic,granule
    text secreted
    basic FUNCTION
  • postranslational endoproteolytic processing for several integrin alpha-1 subunits
  • via GDF11, coordinately regulates the expression of caudal Hox paralogs, to control anteroposterior patterning, nephrogenesis, and limb and anorectal development (Szumska 2008)
  • expression of PCSK5 and GDF11, which plays a crucial role in the organogenesis of the hindgut, was disturbed in the hindgut region when retinoid-mediated signaling was disrupted
  • FURIN, PCSK5, and PCSK6 process two triglyceride lipase family members, endothelial lipase and lipoprotein lipase, which are important for HDL remodeling
  • may have an essential and early role in the cranio-cardiac mesoderm for heart development
  • CELLULAR PROCESS protein, degradation
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling signal transduction
    cell-cell signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • ANGPTL3 inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity through enhancing its cleavage by PCSK5
  • LTBP2, LTBP3 inhibit the proprotein convertase PCSK5
  • SPP1 is an abundant bone extracellular matrix protein with roles in mineralization, cell adhesion and cell migration, and it has putative consensus sequence sites for cleavage by PCSK5, which may modify its function in bone
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional     --low  
    downregulation of PCSK5 during cloaca development into the rectum and urethra might be related to the formation of anorectal malformations (ARM)
    constitutional germinal mutation      
    in a patient with the VACTERL association
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS
  • mouse mutation (Vcc) with a pleiotropic phenotype type VACTERL that includes cardiac, tracheoesophageal, anorectal, anteroposterior patterning defects, exomphalos, hindlimb hypoplasia, a presacral mass, renal and palatal agenesis, and pulmonary hypoplasia, resulting from a C470R mutation in the proprotein convertase Pcsk5