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FLASH GENE
Symbol GSTA1 contributors: mct/npt - updated : 15/102008
HGNC name glutathione S-transferase A1
HGNC id 4626
Location 6p12.2-p12.1      Physical location : 52.656.178 - 52.668.664
Synonym name
  • S-(hydroxyalkyl)glutathione lyase A1
  • GST, class alpha, 1
  • Synonym symbol(s) GST2, GSTA1-1, GTH1, MGC131939, GST-epsilon
    EC.number 2.5.1.18
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    SPECIAL FEATURE component of a cluster, head to head
    text closely flanked by other alpha class gene sequences
    STRUCTURE 12.27 kb     7 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    text structure a proximal promoter essential for the binding of activating transcription factor complexes
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
    Map cen - ICK - GSTA@ - qter
    Authors Morel (02)
    Physical map
    IL17 2q31 interleukin 17 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 8) IL17F 6p12 interleukin 17F SLC25A20P 6p12 solute carrier family 25 (carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase), member 20 pseudogene MCM3 6p12 MCM3 minichromosome maintenance deficient 3 (S. cerevisiae) C6orf33 6p12.1 chromosome 6 open reading frame 33 EFHC1 6p12.1 EF-hand domain (C-terminal) containing 1 TRAM2 6p21.3 translocation associated membrane protein 2 TMEM14A 6p12.3 transmembrane protein 14A LOC391927 6 similar to class-alpha glutathione S-transferase LOC391928 6 similar to Glutathione S-transferase A1 (GTH1) (HA subunit 1) (GST-epsilon) (GSTA1-1) (GST class-alpha) GSTA2 6p12.2 glutathione S-transferase A2 LOC391929 6 similar to glutathione transferase (EC 2.5.1.18) alpha-3 [similarity] - human GSTA1 6p12.2 glutathione S-transferase A1 GSTAP1 6p12.2 glutathione S-transferase A pseudogene 1 GSTA5 6p12.1 glutathione S-transferase A5 FLJ32293 6p12.3 hypothetical protein FLJ32293 GSTA3 6p12 glutathione S-transferase A3 GSTA4 6p12 glutathione S-transferase A4 RN7SK 6pter-p25 RNA, 7SK, nuclear ICK 6p12.3-p11.2 intestinal cell (MAK-like) kinase FBXO9 6p12.3-p11.2 F-box only protein 9 GCM1 6p21-p12 glial cells missing homolog 1 (Drosophila) LOC389398 6 LOC389398 ELOVL5 6p21.1-p12.1 ELOVL family member 5, elongation of long chain fatty acids (FEN1/Elo2, SUR4/Elo3-like, yeast) LOC391930 6 similar to ribosomal protein L31 LOC391931 6 similar to replication protein A3, 14kDa; replication protein A3 (14kD) GCLC 6p12 glutamate-cysteine ligase, catalytic subunit LOC391932 6 similar to bA345L23.2 (novel protein with BTB/POZ (broad complex Tramtrack bric-a-brac/Pox virus and zinc finger) domain) LRRC1 6p12.1 leucine-rich repeat-containing 1
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    7 - 1046 - 222 - Johnson (2008)
    EXPRESSION
    Type widely
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Digestiveliver   highly
     pharynx   highly
    Endocrineadrenal gland   highly
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
    mono polymer homomer , heteromer , dimer
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • GST superfamily
  • MU family
  • CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm
    basic FUNCTION
  • conjugating reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles
  • suppresses activation of JNK signalling by a pro-inflammatory cytokine and oxidative stress and have likely a protective role in JNK-associated apoptosis
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
  • dimer of A1 and A2
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
    cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    tumoral     --low  
    in high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia
    constitutional     --over  
    overexpressed in proliferative inflammatory atrophy
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS