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FLASH GENE
Symbol CD33 contributors: mct/pgu - updated : 11-03-2010
HGNC name CD33 molecule
HGNC id 1659
Location 19q13.33      Physical location : 51.728.334 - 51.743.274
Synonym name
  • myeloid antigen, sialic-acid binding Ig-like lectin 3
  • cell differentiation antigen CD33-like (gp67), identified by monoclonal antibodies L4F3, My9, H153, L1B1
  • CD33 antigen (gp67)
  • sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 3
  • Synonym symbol(s) SIGLEC3, FLJ00391, SIGLEC-3, p67, gp67
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 14.94 kb     7 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    Physical map
    KLK4 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 4 (prostase, enamel matrix, prostate) LOC390956 19 similar to peptidyl-Pro cis trans isomerase KLK5 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 5 KLK6 19q13.3 kallikrein 6 (neurosin, zyme) KLK7 19q13.41 kallikrein 7 (chymotryptic, stratum corneum) KLK8 19q13.3 kallikrein 8 (neuropsin/ovasin) KLK9 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 9 KLK10 19q13.3 kallikrein 10 KLK11 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 11 KLK12 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 12 KLK13 19q13.2-q13.4 kallikrein 13 KLK14 19q13.3-q13.4 kallikrein 14 LOC90353 19q13.41 LOC90353 SIGLEC9 19q13.4 sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 9 SIGLEC7 19q13.3 sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 7 LOC284367 19q13.41 hypothetical protein LOC284367 SIGLECP1 19q13.33 sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin, pseudogene 1 CD33 19q13.3 CD33 antigen (gp67) FLJ40235 19q13.41 hypothetical protein FLJ40235 LOC339351 19q13.41 similar to hypothetical protein LOC162952 19q13.41 similar to Opioid binding protein/cell adhesion molecule precursor (OBCAM) (Opioid-binding cell adhesion molecule) (OPCML) LOC147645 19q13.41 hypothetical protein LOC147645 ETFB 19q13.4 electron-transfer-flavoprotein, beta polypeptide MGC33839 19q13.41 hypothetical protein MGC33839 NKG7 19q13.4 natural killer cell group 7 sequence LIM2 19q13.4 lens intrinsic membrane protein 2, 19kDa LOC147646 19q13.41 hypothetical protein LOC147646 LOC388557 19 similar to nucleolar phosphoprotein Nopp34 SIGLEC10 19q13.3 sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 10 SIGLEC8 19q13.33-q13.41 sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin 8 SIGLECL1 19q13.4 SIGLEC-like 1
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    6 - 1085 - 237 - 2006 16380601
  • isoform 2, CD33m
  • precursor
  • 7 - 1466 - 364 - 2006 16380601
  • isoform 1, CD33M
  • precursor
  • EXPRESSION
    Type
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    cell lineage immature cells of the myelomonocytic lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • one Ig-like domain and a cytoplasmic tail
  • two immunoreceptor tyrosine based inhibitory motifs (ITIM)
  • two sites of serine phosphorylation in its cytoplasmic domain, catalyzed by protein kinase C (PKC)
  • conjugated GlycoP , PhosphoP
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • immunoglobulin superfamily
  • SIGLEC (sialic acid binding Ig-like lectin) family
  • CATEGORY adhesion , antigen , receptor membrane
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
    basic FUNCTION
  • myeloid specific inhibitory receptor that may regulate FcgammaRI signal transduction
  • functioning as a sialic acid-specific lectin and a cell adhesion molecule
  • may act as an inhibitory receptor upon ligand induced tyrosine phosphorylation, by recruiting cytoplasmic phosphatases that block signal transduction through dephosphorylation of signaling molecules
  • enables via its ITIM motifs, the ubiquityaltion of an inhibitory cell surface receptor
  • act as endocytic receptors, mediating endocytosis through a mechanism independent of clathrin
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS immunity/defense
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling signal transduction
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule other,
  • preferentially binds to alpha-2,6-linked sialic acid
  • protein
  • interacting with PTPN6, PTNN11 upon phosphorylation
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    Other phosphorylation regulated by PKC downstream of cytokine stimulation, and its phosphorylation is cross-regulated with its lectin activity
    up-regulated by CEBPA
    down-regulated by IL6 activation, that upregulates MYC, followed by the down-regulation of CEBPA expression, and thus downregulation of CD33
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    tumoral        
    expressed in multinuclear osteoclast-like cells in giant cell tumor of bone
    Susceptibility to Alzheimer disease
    Variant & Polymorphism SNP
  • strongly associated with Alzheimer disease
  • Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS