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FLASH GENE
Symbol C9orf72 contributors: mct - updated : 03-04-2013
HGNC name chromosome 9 open reading frame 72
HGNC id 28337
Location 9p21.2      Physical location : 27.546.543 - 27.573.842
Synonym name hypothetical protein LOC203228
Synonym symbol(s) MGC23980, ALSFTD, FTDALS
DNA
TYPE functioning gene
STRUCTURE 26.94 kb     11 Exon(s)
MAPPING cloned Y linked N status provisional
Physical map
LOC392295 9 similar to ubiquitin A-52 residue ribosomal protein fusion product 1 DMRTA1 9p21.2 DMRT-like family A1 LOC392296 9 similar to Chloride intracellular channel protein 4 (Intracellular chloride ion channel protein p64H1) LOC138267 9p21.2 similar to hypothetical protein ELAVL2 9p21 ELAV (embryonic lethal, abnormal vision, Drosophila)-like 2 (Hu antigen B) LOC389707 9 LOC389707 LOC389708 9 hypothetical gene supported by BC017510; BC046919 FLJ13657 PLAA 9p21 phospholipase A2-activating protein CCDC2 9p21.1 coiled-coil domain containing 2 LRRC19 9 leucine rich repeat containing 19 TEK 9p21 TEK tyrosine kinase, endothelial (venous malformations, multiple cutaneous and mucosal) LOC392297 9 similar to elongin A binding protein 1 C9orf11 9p21 chromosome 9 open reading frame 11 MOB3B IFNK  interferon, kappa C9orf72 9p21.1 chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 LOC392298 9 similar to meningioma-expressed antigen 11 FLJ31810 9p21.1-p13.3 hypothetical protein FLJ31810 LOC286239 9p13.3 similar to NAD-dependent malic enzyme, mitochondrial precursor (NAD-ME) (Malic enzyme 2) LOC389709 9 hypothetical gene supported by AY117688; NM_018158 LOC340493 9p13.3 similar to Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein G (hnRNP G) (RNA binding motif protein, X chromosome) (Glycoprotein p43) LOC158200 9p13.3 similar to 40S ribosomal protein S26 LOC392299 9 similar to Ferritin light chain (Ferritin L subunit) LOC138412 9p13.3 similar to ADP,ATP carrier protein, liver isoform T2 (ADP/ATP translocase 3) (Adenine nucleotide translocator 3) (ANT 3) LOC392300 9 similar to High mobility group protein 4-like (HMG-4L) LOC392301 9 similar to ADP,ATP carrier protein, fibroblast isoform (ADP/ATP translocase 2) (Adenine nucleotide translocator 2) (ANT 2) ACO1 9p22-p13 aconitase 1, soluble RIG-I 9p12 DEAD/H (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp/His) box polypeptide TOPORS 9p21 topoisomerase I binding, arginine/serine-rich NDUFB6 9p13.2 NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) 1 beta subcomplex, 6, 17kDa TAF1L 9p13.3 TAF1-like RNA polymerase II, TATA box binding protein (TBP)-associated factor, 210kDa LOC389710 9 similar to hypothetical protein (L1H 3 region) - human LOC392302 9 similar to argininosuccinate synthetase APTX 9p13.3 aprataxin
RNA
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
11 - 3233 - 481 - -
5 - 1879 - 222 testis -
EXPRESSION
Type
constitutive of
   expressed in (based on citations)
organ(s)
cell lineage
cell lines
fluid/secretion
at STAGE
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
HOMOLOGY
Homologene
FAMILY
CATEGORY unknown/unspecified
SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION
basic FUNCTION unknown
CELLULAR PROCESS
PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
PATHWAY
metabolism
signaling
a component
INTERACTION
DNA
RNA
small molecule
protein
cell & other
REGULATION
ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
corresponding disease(s)
Other morbid association(s)
TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
constitutional germinal mutation      
expansion of a non-coding GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in the C9ORF72 gene in patients with frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
constitutional   amplification    
in frontotemporal lobar degeneration, with anxiety, agitation and memory impairment and frequent motor neuron disease, with extensive thinning of frontal, temporal and parietal cortices, subcortical grey matter atrophy including thalamus and cerebellum and involvement of long intrahemispheric, commissural and corticospinal tracts
constitutional     --low  
by high methylation level was significantly associated with familial ALS
Susceptibility to Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD)
Variant & Polymorphism repeat
  • repeat expansion in C9ORF72 is a common cause of FTLD and often presents with late-onset psychosis or memory impairment
  • Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS