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FLASH GENE
Symbol ADH1A contributors: mct/ - updated : 14-06-2006
HGNC name alcohol dehydrogenase 1A (class I), alpha polypeptide
HGNC id 249
Location 4q23      Physical location : 100.197.523 - 100.212.142
Synonym name
  • alcohol dehydrogenase subunit alpha
  • aldehyde reductase
  • Synonym symbol(s) ADH, ADH1
    EC.number 1.1.1.1
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    SPECIAL FEATURE component of a cluster
    text see ADH@ cluster of seven genes spanning approximately 365 kb on chromosome 4q23 (Pochareddy 2010)
    STRUCTURE 14.62 kb     9 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    9 - 1456 39.7 375 - -
    EXPRESSION
    Type widely
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart   highly
    Digestiveintestinelarge intestine  highly
     liver   highly
     stomachpylorus  highly
    Endocrineadrenal gland   highly
    Respiratoryrespiratory tracttrachea  highly
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    physiological period fetal
    Text infant liver
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
    conjugated MetalloP
    mono polymer homomer , heteromer , dimer
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • zinc-containing alcohol dehydrogenase family
  • CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm
    text detected in the inner cell layers (Vaglenova 2003)
    basic FUNCTION
  • alcohol dehydrogenase (class I), alpha polypeptide, zinc dependent, metabolizing a wide variety of substrates, including ethanol, retinol, other aliphatic alcohols, hydroxysteroids, and lipid peroxidation products
  • acting as retinol dehydrogenase/retinal reductase, also sites of active retinoid metabolism in the gut, essential for mucosa function and vitamin A absorption (Vaglenova 2003)
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism other
    signaling
    ethanol
    a component
  • homo- and heterodimers of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule metal binding,
  • Zn2+
  • protein
  • SNIP1
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    Other regulated by GATA2 and HNF-3beta
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional     --over  
    increased expression of ADH1A and ADH4 in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis livers (baker 2010)
    Susceptibility to alcohol dependence
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS