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FLASH GENE
Symbol IL32 contributors: mct - updated : 26-03-2020
HGNC name interleukin 32
HGNC id 16830
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
  • three potential N-myristoylation sites
  • one N-glycosylation site
  • an RGD motif, which potentially activates procaspase-3 intracellular and or binds to integrins
  • HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
    CATEGORY signaling cytokine
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION extracellular
        plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    basic FUNCTION
  • potentially involved in cell adhesion
  • may play a role in lymphocyte activation
  • inducing the production of TNFalpha from macrophage cells
  • playing a role in the pathophysiology of clonal myeloid diseases
  • not only contributes to host responses through the induction of proinflammatory cytokines but also directly affects specific immunity by differentiating monocytes into macrophage-like cells
  • may be playing a role in inflammatory bowel diseases
  • IL32 may play an important role in inflammatory responses and pancreatic cancer growth
  • IL32 is induced by microbial ligands through TLR-mediated innate signaling pathways, suggesting an important role of corneal epithelium in inflammatory disease
  • proinflammatory cytokine that participates in responses to viral infection
  • multifaceted cytokine with a role in infections, autoimmune diseases, and cancer, and it exerts diverse functions, including aggravation of inflammation and inhibition of virus propagation
  • critical regulator of endothelial cell (EC) functions, and also possesses angiogenic properties
  • role for this versatile cytokine in pulmonary arterial hypertension and neoplastic diseases
  • IL32 is involved in the pathogenesis of airway inflammation
  • is known to act as a proinflammatory cytokine and is likely involved in several chronic inflammatory diseases
  • IL32 is a molecular link between in keratinocytes (KCs) and Langerhans cells (LCs)in healthy skin, provoking LC migration from the epidermis to the dermis prior to their migration to the draining lymph nodes
  • is a cytokine involved in proinflammatory immune responses to bacterial and viral infections
  • act as a potent inducer of cell migration in several types of cancer
  • cytokine associated with higher risk of cardiovascular diseases in inflammatory environments
  • has a critical role in the pathogenesis of Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
  • CELLULAR PROCESS cell communication
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • IL32-mediated activity may be dependent on TNFRSF1A
  • IL32 binds to the extracellular domain of integrins and to intracellular proteins like paxillin and PTK2, suggesting a dual role for IL32 in integrin signaling
  • elevated IL32 levels during viral infection mediate antiviral effects by stimulating the expression of IFNL1
  • IL32 stimulation promotes the invasion and motility of osteosarcoma cells, possibly via the activation of AKT1 and the upregulation of MMP13 expression
  • feedback inhibition of IL15-mediated NK cell activity by IL32alpha
  • IL32 may increase TIMP3 expression via hypomethylation through inactivation of NFKB1 activity, and thereby reduce lung tumor growth
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    activated by TNF (TNF induces DNA demethylation-dependent and -independent activation of IL32 expression)
    induced by TNF and IFNG in hepatocytes, and inhibits the replication of HBV by acting intracellularly to suppress HBV transcription and replication
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional     --over  
    in rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissue
    tumoral     --other  
    dysregulation in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myeloproliferative disorder
    tumoral     --other  
    expressed in human melanoma
    constitutional     --over  
    in atherosclerotic plaques of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients when compared with normal coronary arteries
    constitutional     --over  
    significantly higher in patients with Behçet disease
    Susceptibility
  • to rheumatoid arthritis
  • to Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • to Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
  • Variant & Polymorphism SNP
  • increase in serum levels of IL32 in accordance with additive effect of the presence of C allele in Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients
  • rs28372698 SNP was associated with the susceptibility to SLE
  • Candidate gene
    Marker
  • IL32 could play a role in predicting response to treatment in rheumatoid arthritis
  • IL32 may serve as a marker for diagnosis of osteosarcoma
  • IL32 expression might be valuable as a biomarker for cancer
  • is a molecular marker of latent tuberculosis
  • Therapy target
    SystemTypeDisorderPubmed
    cancerlung 
    IL32 may increase TIMP3 expression via hypomethylation through inactivation of NFKB1 activity, and thereby reduce lung tumor growth
    digestiveliver 
    could be considered as a therapeutic target in patients with NFALD
    cancerhemopathy 
    therapeutic targets for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and myeloproliferative disorder
    cancerendocrinethyroid
    modulation of IL-32 alternative splicing could represent a novel strategy for the treatment of malignancies, in particular thyroid cancer
    immunologyinflammatory 
    may be a novel therapeutic target for airway inflammatory disease
    cancerbone 
    may serve for the treatment of osteosarcoma
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS