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FLASH GENE
Symbol WFDC2 contributors: mct - updated : 20-06-2011
HGNC name WAP four-disulfide core domain 2
HGNC id 15939
RNA
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
4 - 570 - 124 - 1998 9685187
EXPRESSION
Type
   expressed in (based on citations)
organ(s)
SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
 epididymis     Homo sapiens
Digestivemouthtongue  highly Homo sapiens
 salivary gland   highly Homo sapiens
Respiratorylung     Homo sapiens
 respiratory tracttrachea  highly Homo sapiens
cell lineage
cell lines
fluid/secretion
at STAGE
PROTEIN
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
STRUCTURE
motifs/domains
  • a signal peptide followed by an acidic and cysteine rich polypeptide
  • two WAP domains, WAP domains playing pivotal roles in the antimicrobial and/or antiprotease activities and their application in therapeutics are expected to have practical value
  • a conserved motif, containing eight cysteines
  • conjugated GlycoP
    HOMOLOGY
    intraspecies homolog to proteinase inhibitous,four disulfide core proteins
    Homologene
    FAMILY
    CATEGORY regulatory , secretory
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION extracellular
    basic FUNCTION
  • potentially involved in sperm maturation
  • a putative serum tumour marker for ovarian cancer
  • may be a component of the innate immune defences of the lung, nasal and oral cavities
  • functions in concert with related WAP domain containing proteins in epithelial host defence
  • its expression is associated with cancer cell adhesion, migration and tumor growth, which can be related to its effects on the EGFR-MAPK signaling pathway
  • participates in the process of ovarian cancer cell maturation and is responsible for engaging the progression of the ovarian cancer
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS reproduction/sex
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • plays an important role in ovarian cancer cell migration and spreading
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    tumoral     --over  
    in ovarian carcinomas
    tumoral     --over  
    significantly increased in patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC)in the urinary system compared to patients with benign urinary diseases patients
    constitutional     --over  
    Significant increases in expression and localisation of WFDC2 are seen in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
  • its expression is associated with lymph node involvement and is a possible predictive factor of breast cancer recurrence
  • measuring WFDC2 in urine may aid diagnosis and the monitoring of response to therapy, in ovarian carcinoma
  • may be a screening tool for early diagnosis of TCC in the urinary system, and may become a prognostic marker for TCC in the urinary system
  • novel and specific biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC)
  • Therapy target
    SystemTypeDisorderPubmed
    cancerreproductiveovary
    may aid diagnosis and the monitoring of response to therapy, in ovarian carcinoma
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS