Selected-GenAtlas references SOURCE GeneCards NCBI Gene Swiss-Prot Ensembl
HGNC UniGene Nucleotide OMIM UCSC
Home Page
Symbol REL contributors: mct/ - updated : 12-09-2017
HGNC name v-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog (avian)
HGNC id 9954
TYPE functioning gene
STRUCTURE 41.43 kb     11 Exon(s)
10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
Physical map
FANCL 2p16.1 Fanconi anemia, complementation group L LOC339799 2p16.1 similar to eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3, subunit 5 epsilon, 47kDa; eukaryotic translation initiation factor 3, subunit 5 (epsilon, 47kD); eIF3-epsilon LOC151443 2p16.1 hypothetical LOC151443 LOC151445 2p16.1 similar to IK cytokine; arginine/glutamic acid/aspartic acid repeat containing protein LOC130839 2p16.1 hypothetical gene LOC130839 BCL11A 2p15 B-cell CLL/lymphoma 11A (zinc finger protein) LOC130865 2p16.1 similar to 60S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN L26 ATP1B3P1 2p13-p15 ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, beta 3 pseudogene PAPOLG 2p15 poly(A) polymerase gamma REL 2p12 v-rel reticuloendotheliosis viral oncogene homolog (avian) LOC344423 2p16.1 similar to ribosomal protein S12 FLJ32312 2p16.1 hypothetical protein FLJ32312 PEX13 2p16-p14 peroxisome biogenesis factor 13 KIAA1841 2q14 KIAA1841 protein LOC339804 2p16.1 hypothetical gene supported by AK075484; BC014578 AHSA2 2p16.1-p15 AHA1, activator of heat shock 90kDa protein ATPase homolog 2 (yeast) USP34 2p14 ubiquitin specific protease 34 XPO1 2p16 exportin 1 (CRM1 homolog, yeast) LOC391376 2 similar to 60S ribosomal protein L14 (CAG-ISL 7) FLJ13305 2p15 hypothetical protein FLJ13305 CCT4 2p13.3 chaperonin containing TCP1, subunit 4 (delta) C2orf5 2p15 chromosome 2 open reading frame 5 (MURR1) LOC388954 2 similar to 40S ribosomal protein SA (P40) (34/67 kDa laminin receptor) (Colon carcinoma laminin-binding protein) (NEM/1CHD4) (Multidrug resistance-associated protein MGr1-Ag) B3GNT1 2p14 UDP-GlcNAc:betaGal beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 FLJ34583 KIAA0903 2p15 UDP-GlcNAc:betaGal beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 OTX1 2p13 orthodenticle homolog 1 (Drosophila) LOC51057 2p15 hypothetical protein LOC51057
TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
11 - 2592 - 619 - 2007 18006812
Type widely
constitutive of
   expressed in (based on citations)
SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
Lymphoid/Immunelymph node   highly
Respiratoryrespiratory tractlarynx  highly
 respiratory tracttrachea  highly
Urinarykidney   moderately
cell lineage
cell lines
  • IPT/TIG domain with an immunoglobulin like fold
  • RHD domain
    interspecies homolog to murine Rel
    intraspecies homolog to avian reticuloendotheliosis viral (v-rel) oncogene
    homolog to NF-kappa B enhancer binding protein,related
  • NF-kappa B/Rel family of transcription factors
  • CATEGORY transcription factor , protooncogene
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    basic FUNCTION
  • participates in the control of a wide array of genes, including genes involved in embryonic development and regulation of immune, inflammation, and stress responses
  • involved in lymphomagenesis (diffuse large B cell lymphoma)
  • may play a role in the pathogenesis of classic Hodgkin lymphoma
  • plays a critical role in regulating the innate inflammatory response to microflora within the lower bowel, likely through its ability to modulate expression of IL12/23 family members
  • necessary for long-term synaptic potentiation and hippocampus-dependent memory formation
  • important for both the thymic development and peripheral homeostatic proliferation of T reg cells
  • with NF-kappaB1 have differential roles in Treg development
  • plays an important role in the expression of IL21 in T cells and subsequently in IL21-dependent T(FH) cell development
  • IKBKB, IKBKG and REL control the levels of Claspin in the cells by an alternative mechanism to cell cycle
  • important function of IKBKB and REL in the DNA-damage response pathway
  • CELLULAR PROCESS nucleotide, transcription
    a component
  • subunit of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factor
    DNA binding to NF-kappa B enhancer
    small molecule
  • interacting with CEBPB (enhances CEBPB binding to the C-reactive protein gene promoter)
  • interact directly with Ca(2+)-loaded calmodulin (can inhibit nuclear import of REL)
  • RBM39 is a new transcriptional coregulator for REL and reveals an important role in modulating REL oncogenic activity
  • REL and JUNB cooperatively regulate FOXP3 expression by modulating the chromatin architecture of FOXP3 promoter region
  • IRF4 activates IL2 and IL4 promoters in cooperation with REL
  • TNFSF13B signals coordinate both RELB and REL activities to ensure survival during peripheral B-cell maturation
  • cell & other
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    tumoral fusion      
    fused with BCL11A in B cell lymphoma
    tumoral germinal mutation      
    S525P mutation contributes to the development of B-cell lymphomas by affecting an IKBKA-regulated transactivation activity of REL
  • to rheumatoid arthritis
  • to Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Variant & Polymorphism SNP
  • SNPs, rs13031237 and rs13017599 increasing the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
  • SNP increasing the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Candidate gene
    Therapy target