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FLASH GENE
Symbol SLC33A1 contributors: shn/mct - updated : 25-01-2013
HGNC name solute carrier family 33 (acetyl-CoA transporter), member 1, SPG42
HGNC id 95
Corresponding disease
LCCH low copper and ceruloplasmin with congenital cataracts and hearing loss
SPG42 spastic paraplegia 42
Location 3q25.31      Physical location : 155.544.302 - 155.572.248
Synonym name
  • acetyl-Coenzyme A transporter
  • solute carrier family 33 member 1
  • Synonym symbol(s) AT1, AT-1, ACATN
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 27.95 kb     7 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    Map The International Radiation Hybrid Mapping Consortium mapped the SLC33A1 gene to chromosome 3 (WI-18246 ). By fluorescence in situ hybridization, Bora et al. (1998) mapped the Acatn gene to mouse chromosome 3E1-E3.
    Authors Kanamori et al 1997
    Physical map
    LOC201651 3q25.1 similar to esterase/N-deacetylase (EC 3.5.1.-), 50K hepatic - rabbit AADAC 3q21.3-q25.2 arylacetamide deacetylase (esterase) GPR91 3q24-3q25.1 G protein-coupled receptor 91 MBNL1 3q25.1-q25.2 muscleblind-like (Drosophila) P2RY1 3q25 purinergic receptor P2Y, G-protein coupled, 1 RAP2B 3q25.2 RAP2B, member of RAS oncogene family LOC152118 3q25.2 hypothetical gene supported by AF086445 DKFZP434D146 3q25.2 DKFZP434D146 protein RH_II/GuBp2 3q25.2 similar to orphan seven transmembrane receptor DHX36 3q25 DEAH (Asp-Glu-Ala-His) box polypeptide 36 GPR149 3q25.2 G protein-coupled receptor 149 MME 3q25.1-q25.2 membrane metallo-endopeptidase (neutral endopeptidase, enkephalinase, CALLA, CD10) LOC256283 3q25.2 hypothetical LOC256283 KIAA1069 3q26.1 hypothetical LOC256283 FLJ31139 3q25.31 hypothetical protein FLJ31139 SLC33A1 3q25.31 solute carrier family 33 (acetyl-CoA transporter), member 1 GMPS 3q24 guanine monphosphate synthetase LOC389168 3 similar to template acyivating factor-I alpha LOC344760 3q25.31 similar to seven transmembrane helix receptor MRE11B 3q25 MRE11 meiotic recombination 11 homolog B (S. cerevisiae) KCNAB1 3q26.1 potassium voltage-gated channel, shaker-related subfamily, beta member 1 SSR3 3q25.31 signal sequence receptor, gamma (translocon-associated protein gamma) TIPARP 3q25.31 TCDD-inducible poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase LOC389169 3 hypothetical gene supported by BC001951; NM_006191 LOC389170 3 similar to hypothetical protein FLJ14957 LOC339892 3q25.31 similar to Death domain containing protein CRADD (Caspase and RIP adaptator with death domain) (RIP associated protein with a death domain) CCNL1 3q26.1 cyclin L1 LOC391589 3 similar to Keratin, type I cytoskeletal 18 (Cytokeratin 18) (K18) (CK 18) FLJ12604 3q24-q25 hypothetical protein FLJ12604 PTX3 3q21-q25 pentaxin-related gene, rapidly induced by IL-1 beta LOC152078 3q25.32 hypothetical protein BC010062 SHOX2 3q25-q26.1 short stature homeobox 2 MGC12197 3q25.32 BM-011 protein MLF1 3q25.1 myeloid leukemia factor 1 EFG1 3q25.1-q26.2 myeloid leukemia factor 1 LXN 3q25-q31 myeloid leukemia factor 1 RARRES1 3q25.31 retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 1 FLJ14153 3q25.32 hypothetical protein FLJ14153 GPR79 3q26 G protein-coupled receptor 79 pseudogene SCHIP1 3q25.3-q27 schwannomin interacting protein 1
    regionally located cen - D3S3509 - D3S1570 - SLC33A1 - D3S3587 - D3S3587 - qter
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    text Analysis of transcripts expression was based on northen blot
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    6 - 3811 61 549 - 2004 12739170
    7 - 2449 61 549 - 2004 12739170
    EXPRESSION
    Type ubiquitous
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart   highly
    Endocrineplacenta   highly
    Nervousbrain   highly
    Respiratorylung   highly
    Urinarykidney   highly
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Muscular   highly
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • six to ten transmembrane domains
  • one leucine-zipper motif in transmembrane domain 3
  • HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to murine Acatn
    homolog to Drosophila CG9706
    homolog to C.elegans T26C5.3b
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • solute carrier family 33
  • SLC33A transporter family
  • CATEGORY transport carrier
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,membrane
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,endoplasmic reticulum
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    basic FUNCTION
  • the protein encoded by SLC33A1 is suggested to be an Ac-CoA transporter that is involved in the process of O-acetylation
  • the protein product of SLC33A1, is positioned to carry acetyl-CoA into the lumen of Golgi apparatus, where acetyl-CoA is transferred to the sialyl residues of gangliosides and glycoproteins
  • probably plays a critical role in the outgrowth and maintenance of the axons of the motor neurons
  • essential for cell viability as its downregulation results in widespread cell death and induction of features characteristic of autophagy
  • responsible for the transport of acetyl-CoA into the lumen of the ER, serving as a substrate for acetyltransferases
  • ER membrane transporter that regulates the influx of acetyl-CoA into the ER lumen
  • appears to be essential for cell viability
  • acts downstream of XBP1 to prevent autophagic cell death
  • acetylation status of the ER is regulated by ERN1/XBP1, which acts by controlling the influx of acetyl-CoA through the membrane transporter SLC33A1
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • regulates the acetylation status of ER-transiting proteins, including the membrane proteins BACE1, low-density lipoprotein receptor and amyloid precursor protein (APP)
  • essential for the transient acetylation of BACE1
  • ERN1/XBP1 controls the induction of autophagy by activating the expression of the ER membrane transporter SLC33A1, which ensures continuous supply of acetyl-CoA into the lumen of the ER
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
    HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to murine Acatn
    homolog to Drosophila CG9706
    homolog to C.elegans T26C5.3b
    Homologene
    FAMILY
    CATEGORY transport carrier
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,membrane
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,endoplasmic reticulum
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    basic FUNCTION required for the formation of O-acetylated gangliosides
    CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS cellular trafficking transport
    text
  • small molecule transport
  • acetyl CoA transporter
  • PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
    cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s) SPG42 , LCCH
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
      somatic mutation   --low loss of function
    haploinsufficient
    constitutional       loss of function
    may lead to very low ceruloplasmin but not total body copper deficiency or toxicity
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS
    Knockdown of Slc33a1 in zebrafish caused a curve-shaped tail and defective axon outgrowth from the spinal cord,
    the wild-type human SLC33A1 was able to rescue the phenotype caused by Slc33a1 knockdown in zebrafish, the mutant SLC33A1 (p.S113R) was not, suggesting that S113R mutation renders SLC33A1 nonfunctional and one that wild-type allele is not sufficient for sustaining the outgrowth and maintenance of long motor axons in human heterozygotes.