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FLASH GENE
Symbol GPD1 contributors: mct - updated : 25-01-2012
HGNC name glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble)
HGNC id 4455
Corresponding disease
TCHF transient childhood hypertriglyceridemia and fatty liver followed by hepatic fibrosis
Location 12q13.12      Physical location : 50.497.800 - 50.505.093
Synonym name
  • GPDH-C
  • glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase [NAD+], cytoplasmic
  • Synonym symbol(s) G3P
    EC.number 1.1.1.8
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 7.29 kb     8 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    MAPPING cloned   linked   status confirmed
    Physical map
    K-ALPHA-1 12q12-q14.3 hypothetical protein MGC57341 TUBA3 12q12-12q14.3 hypothetical protein MGC57341 TUBA6 12q12-q14 tubulin alpha 6 PRPH 12q12-q13 peripherin TROAP 12p11.1 trophinin associated protein (tastin) LOC338761 12q13.12 similar to C1q-related factor precursor FLJ13236 12q13.12 hypothetical protein FLJ13236 SPATS2 12q13.12 spermatogenesis associated, serine-rich 2 KCNH3 12q13 potassium voltage-gated channel, subfamily H (eag-related), member 3 MCRS1 12q13.1 microspherule protein 1 DKFZP434J0113 12q13.12 hypothetical protein DKFZp434J0113 HYPC 12q hypothetical protein DKFZp434J0113 FMNL3 12q13.12 formin-like 3 TEGT 12q12-q13 testis enhanced gene transcript (BAX inhibitor 1) KIAA1602 12q13.12 KIAA1602 protein LOC144233 12q13.12 hypothetical protein LOC144233 FAIM2 12q13 Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 2 AQP2 12q13.1 aquaporin 2 (collecting duct) AQP5 12q13 aquaporin 5 AQP6 12q13 aquaporin 6, kidney specific RACGAP1 12p11.1 Rac GTPase activating protein 1 ACCN2 12q12 amiloride-sensitive cation channel 2, neuronal SMARCD1 12q13.1 SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily d, member 1 GPD1 12q13.1 glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 1 (soluble) MGC14288 12q13.12 hypothetical protein MGC14288 LASS5 12q13.12 LAG1 longevity assurance homolog 5 (S. cerevisiae) EPLIN 12q13 LAG1 longevity assurance homolog 5 (S. cerevisiae) LOC121006 12q13.12 hypothetical protein LOC121006 LOC113251 12q13.12 c-Mpl binding protein FLJ34278 12q13.12-q13.13 hypothetical protein FLJ34278 ATF1 12q13.1-q13.2 activating transcription factor 1 MGC57341 12q13.13 hypothetical protein MGC57341
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    8 - 2909 - 349 - 2006 16460752
    EXPRESSION
    Type widely
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart   highly
    Digestiveliver     Homo sapiens
    Nervousbrain     Homo sapiens
    Urinarykidney   highly
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Muscularstriatumskeletal  
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES globular
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
    secondary structure secondary structure with various active sites in addition to a relatively conserved C terminal
    HOMOLOGY
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase family
  • CATEGORY enzyme
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,mitochondria
    intracellular,cytoplasm,cytosolic
    basic FUNCTION
  • GRB14, GPD1, and MSTN are potential network collaborators in weight loss-induced improvements in insulin action in human skeletal muscle
  • key enzyme that connects carbohydrate and lipid metabolism
  • catalyzes the reversible redox reaction of dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) and nicotine adenine dinucleotide, reduced (NADH) to glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)
  • with GPD2, plays an important role in the transport of reducing equivalents from the cytosol to the mitochondria
  • CELLULAR PROCESS
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
    INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
    cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s) TCHF
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional     --over  
    contributing to the increase of triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis in obese subjects
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS