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FLASH GENE
Symbol GOLGA2 contributors: mct/npt/pgu - updated : 18-05-2015
HGNC name golgi autoantigen, golgin subfamily a, 2
HGNC id 4425
Location 9q34.13      Physical location : 131.018.108 - 131.038.268
Genatlas name giantin
Synonym name
  • golgin 95
  • cis-Golgi matrix protein GM130
  • Gm130 autoantigen
  • SY11 protein
  • Synonym symbol(s) GM130, SY11, golgin-95, MGC20672
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 20.16 kb     26 Exon(s)
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    text structure 16 alternative exons
    MAPPING cloned Y linked N status confirmed
    Physical map
    AK1 9q34.12 adenylate kinase 1 ST6GALNAC6 9q34.13 adenylate kinase 1 SIAT7D 9q34.1 sialyltransferase 7D ((alpha-N-acetylneuraminyl-2,3-beta-galactosyl-1,3)-N-acetyl galactosaminide alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase) MGC46424 9q34.13 hypothetical protein MGC46424 LOC389790 9 similar to phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase-like protein DPM2 9q34.13 dolichyl-phosphate mannosyltransferase polypeptide 2, regulatory subunit FLJ10232 9q34.13 hypothetical protein FLJ10232 DKFZp762G199 9q34.13 hypothetical protein DKFZp762G199 MCSC 9q34.13 mitochondrial Ca2+-dependent solute carrier PTGES2 9q34.13 prostaglandin E synthase 2 LOC389791 9 hypothetical gene supported by AK094537 LCN2 9q34 lipocalin 2 (oncogene 24p3) C9orf16 9q34.1 chromosome 9 open reading frame 16 CIZ1 9q34.13 chromosome 9 open reading frame 16 DNM1 9q34 dynamin 1 GOLGA2 9q34.13 golgi autoantigen, golgin subfamily a, 2 LOC375757 9q34.13 hypothetical protein LOC375757 FLJ21673 9q34.13 hypothetical protein FLJ21673 CLONE24922 COQ4 9q34.13 coenzyme Q4 homolog (yeast) TMSL4 9 thymosin-like 4 SLC27A4 9q34.13 solute carrier family 27 (fatty acid transporter), member 4 C9orf74 9q34.13 chromosome 9 open reading frame 74 CEECAM1 9q34.13 cerebral endothelial cell adhesion molecule 1 LOC392394 9 similar to hypothetical protein ODF2 9q34 outer dense fiber of sperm tails 2
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    text 12 alternative transcripts altogether encoding nine proteins (ACE/NCBI)
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    26 - 4304 111.6 990 - 2008 18167358
    EXPRESSION
    Type ubiquitous
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart    
    Digestiveliver   highly
    Endocrineparathyroid   highly
    Nervousbrain    
    Reproductivemale systemprostate   
    Respiratorylung    
    Urinarykidney    
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • two predicted zinc fingers at its N-terminus, binding to the golgin p115, which may contribute to the tethering of Golgi membranes before membrane fusion
  • rich in coiled-coil structures
  • a RAB6 interaction domain
  • a C terminal Golgi localization domain (GLD) called the GRID domain (anchored to the membrane through binding of its C-terminus to the Golgi reassembly and stacking protein of 65 kDa, GRASP65)
  • HOMOLOGY
    interspecies ortholog to rattus cis Golgi matrix protein Gm130
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • golgin subfamily
  • CATEGORY antigen , transport carrier
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     plasma membrane
        intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,membrane
    intracellular,cytoplasm,organelle,Golgi
    text
  • cis-golgi matrix protein
  • localized to the cytoplasmic face of cis-Golgi membranes
  • peripheral membrane protein strongly attached to the Golgi membrane
  • cis-golgi matrix protein, overlapping with VPS13B, a peripheral Golgi membrane protein
  • basic FUNCTION
  • processing and transporting proteins through the Golgi apparatus
  • mitotic Golgi phosphoprotein, implicated in the stacking of Golgi cisternae, which can be thought of as tethering without subsequent membrane fusion, and in regulation of centrosome function
  • involved in membrane tethering at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to Golgi intermediate compartment and cis-Golgi
  • role in the regulation of centrosome morphology, position and function during interphase
  • important players in the nucleation of microtubules at the Golgi apparatus
  • with GOLGB1, and GORASP1, facilitates vesicle fusion to the Golgi membrane as a vesicle "tethering factor"
  • is also involved in the maintenance of the Golgi structure and plays a major role in the disassembly and reassembly of the Golgi apparatus during mitosis
  • potentially involved in the control of glycosylation, cell cycle progression, and higher order cell functions such as cell polarization and directed cell migration
  • redundant, Ser25 phosphorylation of GOLGA2 is an independent pathway that ensure Golgi vesiculation and mitotic progression
  • its functions are modulated by heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycans and therefore possibly controlled by extracellular cues
  • implicated in ciliogenesis through control of dynein-2 localization
  • role of TRIP11 in several trafficking steps at the ER-Golgi interface, some of which are partially redundant with GOLGA2
  • CELLULAR PROCESS cell organization/biogenesis
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS cellular trafficking transport
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
  • Golgi complex antigen targeted to autoantibodies associated with Sjögren syndrome
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • RAB6x proteins
  • vesicle docking protein VDP /p115
  • binding to STX5 is specific, direct, and mediated by the membrane-proximal region of GOLGA2
  • interactions of GOLGA2 with STX5 and RAB1A are also regulated by mitotic phosphorylation, which is likely to contribute to the inhibition of ER to Golgi trafficking that occurs when mammalian cells enter mitosis
  • interacting with USO1
  • interacting with AKAP9 (recruitment of AKAP9 on the Golgi membranes through GOLGA2 allows centrosome-associated nucleating activity to extend to the Golgi, to control the assembly of subsets of microtubules ensuring specific functions within the Golgi or for transporting specific cargos to the cell periphery)
  • binding to the A-kinase anchoring protein AKAP9 participates in the regulation of microtubule nucleation on cis-Golgi membranes
  • suppression of GOLGA2 results in mis-localization of WDR34, the intermediate chain of dynein-2
  • GOLGA2 directly interacts with WAC, and this interaction is required for autophagy
  • WAC and GOLGA2 interact with the ATG8 homolog GABARAP and regulate its subcellular localization
  • PIK3R4 interaction with the golgin GOLGA2
  • at the Golgi, PIK3R4 and GOLGA2 form a protein complex devoid of PIK3C3 to ensure the IFT20-dependent sorting and transport of membrane proteins from the cis-Golgi to the primary cilium
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS