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FLASH GENE
Symbol HEYL contributors: npt/mct - updated : 11-01-2012
HGNC name hairy/enhancer-of-split related with YRPW motif-like
HGNC id 4882
Location 1p34.3      Physical location : 40.089.103 - 40.105.348
Synonym name
  • hairy-related transcription factor 3
  • HEY-like protein
  • Synonym symbol(s) HES/E(SPL), bHLHb33, HRT3, MGC12623, HESR3
    DNA
    TYPE functioning gene
    STRUCTURE 16.25 kb     5 Exon(s)
    Genomic sequence alignment details
    10 Kb 5' upstream gene genomic sequence study
    motif repetitive sequence   triplet
    MAPPING cloned Y linked   status provisional
    Physical map
    LOC343259 1p34.2 similar to 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein precursor (GRP 78) (Immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein) (BiP) (Endoplasmic reticulum lumenal Ca(2+) binding protein grp78) RRAGC 1p34 Ras-related GTP binding C MYCBP 1p33-p32.2 c-myc binding protein GJA10 1p35-p34 gap junction protein, alpha 10, 59kDa RHBDL2 1p35.1 rhomboid, veinlet-like 2 (Drosophila) FLJ12666 1p34.2 hypothetical protein FLJ12666 NDUFS5 1p34.2-p33 NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) Fe-S protein 5, 15kDa (NADH-coenzyme Q reductase) MACF1 1p32-p31 microtubule-actin crosslinking factor 1 BMP8A 1p34.2 bone morphogenetic protein 8a OXCT2P 1p34.2 3-oxoacid CoA transferase 2 pseudogene FLJ14351 1p34.2 hypothetical protein FLJ14351 PABPC4 1p36-p32 poly(A) binding protein, cytoplasmic 4 (inducible form) HEYL 1p34.3 hairy/enhancer-of-split related with YRPW motif-like NT5C1A 1p34.3-p33 5'-nucleotidase, cytosolic IA HPCAL4 1p34.2 hippocalcin like 4 PPIE 1p32 peptidylprolyl isomerase E (cyclophilin E) BMP8B 1p35-p32 bone morphogenetic protein 8 b(osteogenic protein 2) OXCT2 1p34 3-oxoacid CoA transferase 2 IPT 1p35.3-p34.1 3-oxoacid CoA transferase 2 MYCL1 1p34.2 v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog 1, lung carcinoma derived (avian) FLJ14490 1p34.2 hypothetical protein FLJ14490 CAP1 1p34.2 CAP, adenylate cyclase-associated protein 1 (yeast) PPT1 1p32 palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 (ceroid-lipofuscinosis, neuronal 1, infantile) RLF 1p32 rearranged L-myc fusion sequence LOC127391 1p34.2 similar to dJ39G22.2 (novel protein) ZMPSTE24 1p34.1-p33 zinc metalloproteinase (STE24 homolog, yeast) COL9A2 1p33-p32.3 collagen, type IX, alpha 2 LOC388621 1 similar to 60S ribosomal protein L21 LOC391028 1 similar to Csa-19 LOC64744 1p35.3-p34.1 hypothetical protein AL133206 LOC65243 1p34.2 hypothetical protein LOC65243
    RNA
    TRANSCRIPTS type messenger
    identificationnb exonstypebpproduct
    ProteinkDaAAspecific expressionYearPubmed
    5 - 4131 35.1 328 - 2000 10860664
    EXPRESSION
    Type
       expressed in (based on citations)
    organ(s)
    SystemOrgan level 1Organ level 2Organ level 3Organ level 4LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Cardiovascularheart    
    Endocrinepancreas    
    Reproductivemale systemprostate   
    Respiratorylung    
    Urinarykidney    
    tissue
    SystemTissueTissue level 1Tissue level 2LevelPubmedSpeciesStageRna symbol
    Epithelialsecretoryglandularendocrine 
    Epithelialsecretoryglandularexocrine 
    Muscularstriatumskeletal highly Homo sapiens
    cell lineage
    cell lines
    fluid/secretion
    at STAGE
    PROTEIN
    PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    STRUCTURE
    motifs/domains
  • basic helix-loop-helix (HLH) domain
  • an adjacent orange domain
  • C-terminal region, which appears to be instrumental in AR repression, contains two short AA motifs showing conservation between HEY family members
  • HOMOLOGY
    interspecies homolog to murine Heyl
    Homologene
    FAMILY
  • Hairy/Enhancer-of-split-related with YRPW-like motif (HEY) family of proteins
  • CATEGORY regulatory , transcription factor
    SUBCELLULAR LOCALIZATION     intracellular
    intracellular,cytoplasm
    intracellular,nucleus
    basic FUNCTION
  • invoved in controlling Notch induced endocardial epithelial to mesenchymal transition, a process critical for valve and septum formation
  • promotes neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells both in culture and in the embryonic brain
  • promotes neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells by activating proneural genes and by inhibiting the actions of other HES and HEY family members
  • HESR family (HEY1, HEY2, HEYL)is involved in dopamine transporter (SLC6A3) expression via the VNTR domain
  • represses endogenous AR-regulated genes and reduces androgen-dependent prostate cancer cell growth
  • is excluded from the nuclei of cancer cells but not benign cells, indicating that nuclear exclusion of HEYL occurs in the early stages of prostate cancer formation or progression
  • HEY1 and HEYL (which are known Notch target genes) are expressed simultaneously in skeletal muscle only in satellite cells
  • CELLULAR PROCESS nucleotide, transcription
    cell organization/biogenesis
    PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS
    PATHWAY
    metabolism
    signaling
    a component
  • HES/HERP heterodimer for NOTCH signaling
  • INTERACTION
    DNA
    RNA
    small molecule
    protein
  • interacting with HEY1
  • target of NOTCH
  • binds to and activates the promoter of the proneural gene neurogenin2, which is inhibited by other HES and HEY family members, and is a weak inhibitor of the HES1 promoter
  • more potent repressor of AR activity
  • AR corepressor that down-regulates AR activity by functionally competing with SRC1 (and possibly other coactivators), resulting in attenuated SRC1 loading at the regulatory regions of AR target genes
  • cell & other
    REGULATION
    ASSOCIATED DISORDERS
    corresponding disease(s)
    Other morbid association(s)
    TypeGene ModificationChromosome rearrangementProtein expressionProtein Function
    constitutional       loss of function
    inactivation of HEY1 and HEYL, two primary target genes of Notch, causes severe heart malformations, including membranous ventricular septal defects and dysplastic atrioventricular and pulmonary valves
    tumoral     --over  
    represses AR-regulated genes and hormone-dependent prostate cancer cell line growth
    Susceptibility
    Variant & Polymorphism
    Candidate gene
    Marker
    Therapy target
    ANIMAL & CELL MODELS